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Genus Psorophora

BG1452 C9151 - Psorophora cyanescens - female Dark Ricefield Mosquito - Psorophora columbiae Psorophora ciliata, a floodwater mosquito        - Psorophora ciliata Gallinipper - Psorophora ciliata - female large mosquito - Psorophora ciliata - female Biting Mosquito - Psorophora ferox - female Psorophora ciliata - female Psorophora ciliata - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Culicomorpha (Mosquitoes and Midges)
Family Culicidae (Mosquitoes)
Tribe Aedini
Genus Psorophora
Pronunciation
SOR-oh-FOR-ah
Explanation of Names
Greek for "itch bringer".
Numbers
14 species in North America, divided into 3 subgenera: Psorophora, Grabhamia and Janthinosoma. (nearctica.com)
Identification
Adult:
- Pre and postspiracular setae present
- Pointed abdomen
- Pale transverse bands, when present, apical on abdominal terga.

Larvae:
- Saddle completely encircles segment X, pierced along midventral line by row of precratal setae
- Siphon with 1 pair of setae, often bulbous toward center.
Range
New World only, mostly south temperate or tropical.
Habitat
Larvae of North American species associated with temporary summer rainpools. Eggs deposited on damp or dry mud, hatching upon flooding.
Food
Males and females feed on plant juices and nectar, honeydew etc. Females require a bloodmeal to develop eggs.
Life Cycle
Eggs laid singly on in clusters on damp or dry mud of temporary rainpools. Some species predaceous as larvae, others are filter-feeders. Overwintering is in the egg stage in temperate climates.
Remarks
*Information on this page provided by Sean McCann.