Adult males with a "bent penes" genital morphology
At the end of each pedipalp there is a small, smooth (vs. toothed) claw on the tarsus. The dorsal surface of the body tends to be ornamented with small spikes.
Widespread throughout the United States and Canada. Most phalangiid genera from US + Canada are non-native
Native genera = Leptobunus & Liopilio in the west, Odiellus in the east
Cokendolpher, J.C., and V.F. Lee. 1993. Catalogue of the Cyphopalpatores and bibliography of the harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) of Greenland, Canada, U.S.A., and Mexico. Vintage Press: Lubbock, TX, USA. (online PDF)
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