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Family Rhopalidae - Scentless Plant Bugs

Plant bug?? - Harmostes reflexulus Thick-legged bug - Harmostes angustatus Bug - Boisea trivittata Harmostes fraterculus Eastern Boxelder Bug - Boisea trivittata Bug - Harmostes reflexulus Liorhyssus hyalinus? - Liorhyssus hyalinus Boxelder Bug (boisea triuttato) - Boisea trivittata
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Coreoidea (Leatherbugs)
Family Rhopalidae (Scentless Plant Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
=Corizidae
Explanation of Names
common name is based on the greatly reduced osteolar scent-gland opening(1)
Numbers
2 subfamilies, with 37 spp. in 10 genera in our area(2)(3) and >200 spp. in ~20 genera worldwide(1)
Overview of our fauna (* –taxa not yet in the guide; classification follows(4)):
Family Rhopalidae
Subfamily Rhopalinae
Size
4-15+ mm(1)
Identification
No scent glands; many veins on front wing membrane(2)
Resemble small Coreidae. Ocelli distinctly raised.
Key to eastern spp. in(5)
Key to Florida species and most NA genera in(6)
Range
much of the world, incl. our area(7)
Food
seeds of herbaceous plants, but some are arboreal(8)(7)
See Also
some members of Coreidae and Lygaeoidea look similar, e.g.:
Works Cited
1.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.The first Chorosoma (Hemiptera: Rhopalidae: Rhopalinae: Chorosomatini) from the New World: Chorosoma josifovi nov. sp.
Schwartz M.D., Schaefer C.W., Lattin J.D. 2008. pp. 339-348 in: Grozeva S., Simov N. (Eds) Advances in Heteroptera research... Pensoft Publishers, Sofia–Moscow.
4.Livermore L.J.R., Lemaître V.A., Dolling W.R., Webb M.D. Coreoidea species file online. Version 5.0
5.Rhopalus (Brachycarenus) tigrinus, recently established in North America, with a key to the genera and species of Rhopalidae...
Hoebeke E.R., Wheeler A.G., Jr. 1982. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Washington 84: 213-224.
6.The Rhopalidae of Florida, by J. Steill & J. Meyer
7.Bugs of the World
George C. McGavin. 1999. Blandford Press.
8.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.