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Family Corydalidae - Dobsonflies and Fishflies

Fishfly - Chauliodes rastricornis - female Hellgrammite Western Dobsonfly? (Corydalus cognata) - Neohermes californicus Giant doorman - Chauliodes rastricornis Megalopteran - Dysmicohermes hatchling from unknown egg mass, magnified large laced wing Speckled megalopteran - Neohermes - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Megaloptera (Alderflies, Dobsonflies, and Fishflies)
Family Corydalidae (Dobsonflies and Fishflies)
Numbers
19 spp. in 7 genera in our area(1)
Size
25-80 mm; Corydalis cornutus males can have a 14 cm wing-span and bear elongate sickle-shaped mandibles >4 cm long(1)
Identification
Large insects with soft bodies and delicate wings. Adults often found near aquatic habitat of the larvae. Key characters:
Wings folded flat over back at rest
Ocelli (simple eyes) present
Fourth segment of tarsi rounded (flattened in Sialidae)
Antennae quite variable, may be filiform (thread-like), moniliform (like beads on a string), pectinate (comb-like)
Males of many species have enlarged mandibles, presumably used in competition for mates
Range
Eastern genera: Chauliodes, Corydalus, Neohermes, Nigronia; western genera: Neohermes, Dysmicohermes (nw. NA), Orohermes (Pacific coast), and Protochauliodes (w. US; Australia, New Zealand, Chile)
Habitat
Larvae aquatic
Food
larvae feed on aquatic insects, tadpoles, and small fish(1)
Life Cycle
Larvae go through 7-8 instars and take 2-3 years or longer to reach maturity; adults either do not feed, or feed on small quantities of nectar and fruit juices(1)
Print References
(2)
Works Cited
1.Species catalog of the Neuroptera, Megaloptera, and Raphidioptera of America North of Mexico
Penny N.D., Adams P.A., Stange L.A. 1997. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 50: 39-114.
2.Aquatic Insects of California
Robert L. Usinger, Editor. 1956. University of California Press.