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Family Largidae - Bordered Plant Bugs

orange bug - Largus Bug - Largus Ant mimic Largid - Arhaphe carolina unknown bug - Largus Lousy Largus Nymphs - Early Instar - Largus californicus Black and red nymph - Largus Largus Nymph? with parasites? - Largus Two Bordered Plant Bugs Mating - Largus - male - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Pyrrhocoroidea
Family Largidae (Bordered Plant Bugs)
Other Common Names
Largid Bugs(1); Red Bugs and Ant Mimic Bugs(2)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
family in need of revision (papers by Bliven and Halstead caused confusion)(3)
Numbers
21 spp. in 7 genera in our area (all in the Larginae)(2)(3): Largus (12 spp.), Arhaphe (3 spp.), Stenomacra (2 spp.), and 4 genera represented by a single sp. each; 106 spp. in 13 genera of 2 subfamilies worldwide(4)
Identification
Mostly stout-bodied, with no ocelli, and four-segmented rostrum(3); distinctive wing venation; Arhaphini are ant-like
Range
s. US; 3 genera confined to the southwest(1)
Habitat
ground-dwelling or associated with the vegetative parts of forbs, shrubs and trees.(5)
Food
All species are thought to be phytophagous, feeding on either seeds or plant juices(5)
Remarks
Mimicry and aposematism are common among this family(5)
See Also
Pyrrhocoridae - Red Bugs
Print References
Bliven B.P. (1973) A third paper on Hemiptera associated with the Pyrrhocoridae. Occid. Entomol. 1: 123–133.
Halstead T.F. (1972) Notes on the Synonymy in Largus Hahn with a key to United States species. Pan-Pac. Entomol. 48(4): 246-248.
Internet References
Works Cited
1.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States
Thomas J. Henry, Richard C. Froeschner. 1988. Brill Academic Publishers.
4.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
5.Zoological catalogue of Australia: Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomomorpha)
Cassis G., Gross G.F. 2002. CSIRO Publishing, 751 pp.
6.Australian Faunal Directory