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Genus Onthophagus

O. concinnus - Onthophagus concinnus - male Onthophagus medorensis Brown - Onthophagus medorensis - male Scrab beetle - Onthophagus orpheus Metalic Dung Beetle - Onthophagus orpheus Onthophagus Onthophagus nuchicornis Which Onthophagus? - Onthophagus taurus Onthophagus orpheus - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Tribe Onthophagini
Genus Onthophagus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Onthophagus Latreille, 1802
Explanation of Names
Greek onthos (ονθος) 'dung' + phagos (φαγος) 'eater'
Numbers
the largest genus of the family, with 40 Nearctic spp., 130 spp. in the New World(1), and ~2,000 spp. worldwide
Identification
Small dung beetles, often with variously adorned heads/pronota in males.
Key to SC species in(2)
Life Cycle
Adults dig a tunnel under the dung supply for the larvae(3); some species utilize carrion or fungi(2)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.
3.Peterson Field Guides: Beetles
Richard E. White. 1983. Houghton Mifflin Company.