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Species Ceratomia undulosa - Waved Sphinx - Hodges#7787

anyone know what this caterpillar is? Host plant info would help too. - Ceratomia undulosa Waved Sphinx? - Ceratomia undulosa Waved Sphinx - Ceratomia undulosa unknown sphinx caterpillar - Ceratomia undulosa Sphinx Moths (Sphingidae) 2 - Ceratomia undulosa Sphingidae, larva head - Ceratomia undulosa Sphinx moth caterpillar - Ceratomia undulosa sphinx caterpillar - Ceratomia undulosa
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Sphinginae
Tribe Sphingini
Genus Ceratomia
Species undulosa (Waved Sphinx - Hodges#7787)
Hodges Number
7787
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Ceratomia undulosa (Walker)
Orig. Comb: Daremma undulosa Walker 1856
* phylogenetic sequence # 226700
Explanation of Names
undulosa - Latin for 'a wave' ("unda"); refers to the wavy lines on the adult's forewing
Size
Wingspan 78-110 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing variably pale gray to yellowish-brown with distinct white reniform spot and several dark wavy lines completely crossing wing; lacks black basal dash (an important distinction); hindwing brownish-gray with three darker lines crossing wing, and white and dark checkered fringe
The illustration in Covell's Guide (1) shows an individual darker than most.
Larva: body usually greenish, sometimes reddish, with 7 pairs of oblique lateral stripes; head with pink or yellow band running from eyes to crown; horn pinkish; lower end of stripes extend only to intersegmental area, and lack white granulose spotting; anal plate convex above; anal plate and anal prolegs with conspicuous black spotting
[adapted from description by David Wagner and Valerie Giles]
Range
e. N. Amer. to TX and AB - Map (MPG)
Habitat
deciduous forests, woodlots, tree plantations, shrubby areas, suburban and riparian areas; adults are nocturnal and come to light
Food
Larvae feed preferentially on leaves of ash (Fraxinus spp.), especially Green Ash (F. pennsylvanica) in Canada, but also feed on fringetree (Chionanthus spp.), hawthorn (Crataegus), lilac (Syringa), oak (Quercus), privet (Ligustrum), and other woody plants.
Adults probably do not feed.
Life Cycle
Caterpillars pupate underground; overwinters in pupa stage; two generations per year in the south; one generation in the north.
Remarks
very common; one of our most common sphinx moths
See Also
adult easily distinguished from Plebeian Sphinx (Paratrea plebeja) by lack of black basal dash on forewing (Waved Sphinx also has several wavy lines completely crossing forewing, whereas Plebeian Sphinx has only two lines - compare images of both species at CBIF)
larva similar to Great Ash Sphinx (Sphinx chersis), but lower end of stripes extend only to intersegmental area, and lack white granulose spotting
Print References
Covell, p. 33, plate 4 #10 (1)
Himmelman, plate A-4 (2)
Wagner, p. 12 (3)
Internet References
live and pinned adult images - Bill Oehlke, silkmoths.bizland.com
BAMONA - Paul Opler
Works Cited
1.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
2.Discovering Moths: Nighttime Jewels in Your Own Backyard
John Himmelman. 2002. Down East Books.
3.Caterpillars of Eastern Forests
David L. Wagner, Valerie Giles, Richard C. Reardon, Michael L. McManus. 1998. U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.