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Species Abaeis nicippe - Sleepy Orange

Sleepy Orange - Abaeis nicippe Sleepy orange - Abaeis nicippe Sleepy Orange - Abaeis nicippe Sleepy Orange - Abaeis nicippe Which Sulphur???? - Abaeis nicippe - female Sleepy Orange in Copula - Abaeis nicippe - male - female Sleepy orange - Abaeis nicippe orange and yellow sulphur butterfly ? - Abaeis nicippe
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Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies (excluding skippers))
Family Pieridae (Whites, Sulphurs, Yellows)
Subfamily Coliadinae (Sulphurs and Yellows)
Genus Abaeis
Species nicippe (Sleepy Orange)
Other Common Names
Sleepy Sulphur
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eurema nicippe
placed in genus Abaeis, as per the classification of Opler and Warren and All-Leps (see discussion here)
Explanation of Names
Common name "sleepy" refers to relatively slow flight.
Size
Wingspan 35-57 mm
Identification
A medium-sized Pierid with a rather slow flight, usually close to the ground. Upperside of wings flash a lovely burnt orange. Underside of wings have variable markings: in winter form, underside of hindwing is brick red, brown, or tan; in summer form it is orange-yellow. Diagonal brown markings on underside of hindwings are distinguishable in all variations.
Range
Central America through southern United States. Common in southeastern United States. Irruptive late in season farther north.
Habitat
Open areas, old fields with nectar and/or hostplants.
Season
All year in southern parts of range, mid-summer to fall further north.
Food
Larvae feed on Cassia or Senna species (most former species of Cassia are now placed in Senna). In southeastern United States, the host is often Java-bean, also known as Sicklepod (Senna obtusifolia).
Adults take nectar from a variety of flowers, such as goldenrod (Solidago spp.).
Internet References
Will Cook's account, with excellent photos of seasonal forms
Carolina Butterfly Society article on larvae.