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Subfamily Triatominae - Kissing Bugs

Cone-nosed bug--Triatoma sanguisuda? - Triatoma sanguisuga 6025109 Triatoma - Triatoma rubida Red and Black Bug - Triatoma sanguisuga Unknown Beetle. - Triatoma sanguisuga Triatoma Triatoma sanguisuga Triatoma - Triatoma gerstaeckeri Triatoma rubida ova - Triatoma rubida
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Family Reduviidae (Assassin Bugs)
Subfamily Triatominae (Kissing Bugs)
Other Common Names
Conenoses; barbeiro, bicudo, chupĆ£o (Brazil); vinchuca, chipo, pito, chinchorro, chirimacho, iquipito, chupon (in various Spanish-speaking Latin American countries); Bush Chinch (Belize)(1)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Triatominae Jeannel, 1919
Explanation of Names
Type-genus: Triatoma Laporte, 1832.
ca. 120 spp. in 14 genera and 5 tribes worldwide (all but 12 s. Asian spp. are restricted to the Americas)(1); 11 spp. in 2 genera north of Mexico (one Paratriatoma spp., others in Triatoma)
5-45 mm (most spp. 20-28 mm)(1). In the US, individuals range from 13-33 mm.
The subfamily is characterized by hemelytra without a quadrate cell, antennal segments not subdivided, transverse constriction of pronotum at or before middle, rostrum more or less straight (not arcuate) and antenniferous tubercles projecting laterally from head.

The subfamily was revised in a exceptional monograph by Lent & Wygodzinsky (1979)(2). This is undoubtedly the most important work in the vast sea of Triatominae literature, particularly regarding identification of the group's taxa.
mostly New World (from s. Argentina to central US) + 12 spp. in s. Asia and a single pantropical sp. (Triatoma rubrofasciata) in Africa(1)
Sheltered habitats used by the hosts(1) ie caves, logs, nests, human habitations, etc.
Blood of various tetrapods (mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians)(1).
12 spp. in 3 genera (Triatoma, Rhodnius, Panstrongylus) are considered major vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi (the causative agent of Chagas Disease), but none of those occur in our area(1).
Works Cited
1.Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Gary Mullen, Lance Durden. 2002. Academic Press.
2.Revision of the Triatominae (Hemiptera, Reduviidae), and their significance as vectors of Chagas' disease
H. Lent & P. Wygodzinsky. 1979. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 163: 1-520.