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Fall Fund Drive

Wingless Adult Holometabolous Insects

I thought it would be nice to make a little collection of all the types of insects with wingless adults. I'm ignoring the groups that don't have complete metamorphosis. Feel free to let me know what I missed! (Note: some of these are not completely wingless (apterous), but brachypterous--they have very reduced, non-functioning wings.)

COLEOPTERA
For information about larviform adult beetles, see Web Animated Tutorial on Larviforms and their impact on Coleopterology, put together by J. M. Cicero.

Dermestidae - Thylodrias contractus (Odd Beetle)


Melyridae (Soft-winged Flower Beetles) - Endeodes


Dascillidae (Soft-bodied Plant Beetles) - Anorus females are wingless and larviform.

Elateridae (Click Beetles) - Euthysanius


Lampyridae (Fireflies) - many species have brachypterous females; Microphotus females are larviform.


Phengodidae (Glowworm Beetles) - all adult females are larviform.


Staphylinidae (Rove Beetles) - most species are brachypterous; see the bottom of the Staphylinidae page for other examples of brachypterous beetles.

Meloidae (Blister Beetles) - many species have short wings.


HYMENOPTERA

Ceraphronidae: Ceraphron


Megaspilidae: Lagynodes and undetermined


Eulophidae: Aprostocetus


Eupelmidae: Eupelmus dryohizoxeni and E. vesicularis


Pteromalidae: Notanisus


Trichogrammatidae: Trichogramma


Other wingless chalcidoids, not yet represented on BugGuide, include certain Agaonidae (males), Aphelinidae, Encyrtidae, Eurytomidae, Mymaridae, Signiphoridae, and Torymidae.

Cynipidae (Gall Wasps)


Diapriidae: Platymischus


Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae


Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae: Gelis


Ichneumonidae: Cryptinae: Agrothereutes abbreviatus


Braconidae: possibly an undescribed genus of Doryctinae


Braconidae: Doryctinae: Heterospilus


Platygastridae: Scelioninae: Baeus


Platygastridae: Scelioninae: Idris


Platygastridae: Teleasinae: Trimorus


Bethylidae: Dissomphalus


Dryinidae


Embolemidae


Bradynobaenidae


Formicidae (Ants)


Mutillidae (Velvet Ants)


Myrmosidae


Rhopalosomatidae: Olixon banksii


Tiphiidae: Brachycistidinae


TRICHOPTERA

Philopotamidae (Fingernet Caddisflies): Dolophilodes distinctus


LEPIDOPTERA

Geometridae

Alsophilinae: Alsophila pometaria (Fall Cankerworm)


Ennominae: Erannis tiliaria (Linden Looper)

Female walnut spanworms (Phigalia plumogeraria) (1) are also wingless.

Larentiinae: Operophtera bruceata (Bruce Spanworm) and O. brumata (Winter Moth)


Erebidae: Lymantriinae: Orgyia (Tussock Moths)


Crambidae: Adult female water veneers (Acentria ephemerella) (2) are wingless

Psychidae (Bagworm Moths) - all females are wingless, but I think Dahlica triquetrella is the only one that leaves her bag.


MECOPTERA

Bittacidae: Apterobittacus apterus (Wingless Hangingfly)


Boreidae (Snow Scorpionflies)


DIPTERA

Bibionomorpha (Fungus Gnats)


Cecidomyiidae (Gall Midges)


Limoniidae: Chionea (Winter Crane Flies)


Braulidae: Braula coeca (Bee Louse)


Chloropidae (Frit Flies)
Conioscinella zetterstedti

Lasiosina canadensis


Phoridae (Scuttle Flies)
Puliciphora

Trophodeinus

Xanionotum


Sphaeroceridae: Aptilotus (Lesser Dung Flies)


STREPSIPTERA (Twisted-winged Parasites)
All female strepsipterans are wingless.


SIPHONAPTERA (Fleas)

Platymischus

How about Endeodes collaris?

 
another Endeodes is there
i think just the genus should be listed: they all have this condition

 
Good to know
Added & subtracted accordingly

How about this?

 
Awesome
I've seen the larval nets, but had no idea they had wingless adults.

This might qualify

 
more than so!! great addition
i completely forgot about that cutie. they used to live in my insect cabinets, but have never been too devastating --unlike the bloody Attagenus smirnovi

A few more aculeate wasp families to add:
Bradynobaenidae (females)
Embolemidae (females)
Myrmosidae (females)
Tiphiidae: Brachycistidinae (females)

 
Thanks!
I found images for all of those... if anybody knows of images for the groups not pictured above, please let me know.

A question
Are information provided in this article specific to the Nearctic region or does it cover other regions like Hawaii?

 
My idea...
was to just include taxa that are found in the area covered by BugGuide. The list of chalcidoid families (provided by Bob Carlson, citing an anonymous chalcid specialist) may or may not fit this criterion.

 
Ok...
Thank you for the information.

add 'holometabolous' to the title to avoid confusion?
(all Strepsipteran females)
=================
--weirdest case, not sure it qualifies
=================

=================

=================
not sure about these:

=================
will try to get a placeholder image of a fem. Anorus

A possibility
This one was wingless, but no one ever said whether that was by accident or by heredity:


 
If this robber fly is wingles
If this robber fly is wingless, then it is a damaged specimens, all the robber flies have wings...

Olixon banksii
Charley: Happy Spring from Baltimore City, Maryland! How about this one?

http://bugguide.net/node/view/494074


-Thom

 
Neat!
Never heard of that one--thanks!

O. brumata

Wingless
Good idea. I'll have to remember to check here first the next time I find one of these wingless bugs. Here is one that's flightless... but not really wingless

Nice
Do the Lymantriidae females have wings, just too small for use? Or do they lack wings altogether.

 
Judging by the image I included above...
I guess they do have little vestigial wings. Still worth including here, I think. Beatriz has some good suggestions below, and I'll get to adding those eventually...

Moths, etc.
also 1, 2, 3, 4. I suspect that there are a few more. A fly

Dermaptera, Embioptera, Grylloblattodea, etc
Euborellia annulipes is one of many earwig species with wingless adults.
Webspinner females.
Many walkingsticks
Many Zoraptera
All of the Rock Crawlers
There are many flightless glowworms, in both Phengodidae and Lampyridae
The Oriental Cockroach, among others
Lice.
Termites.
Female Strepsiptera
Aphids, scale insects, and many other Sternorrhyncha.
Jerusalem Crickets (Stenopelmatidae)

 
Thanks...
I left most of these off intentionally, since they don't have complete metamorphosis... same goes for silverfish and bristletails. It may seem like an arbitrary decision, but somehow wingless adults of taxa with partial/gradual/incomplete metamorphosis don't seem as strange to me. I'll get around to adding the others sooner or later.

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