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Family Chaoboridae - Phantom Midges

Phantom Midge - Chaoborus punctipennis - male Midge? - Chaoborus - male Phantom Midge - Chaoborus punctipennis - female Phantom Midge - Chaoborus - female Chaoborus punctipennis? - Chaoborus punctipennis - female Phantom Midge - Chaoborus punctipennis - female Phantom Midge IMG_5154 - Chaoborus punctipennis - female Brown and white spotted midge - Chaoborus punctipennis - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Culicomorpha (Mosquitoes and Midges)
Family Chaoboridae (Phantom Midges)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Sometimes treated as part of Culicidae(1)
Explanation of Names
"Phantom" refers to the transparent aquatic larvae(2). For origin of "midge", see Chironomidae.
Numbers
19 spp. in 5 genera in our area(2), 55 spp. in 18 genera worldwide(3)
Size
1.5-10 mm
Identification
Resemble mosquitoes but lack a prominent proboscis. Other characters:
body and wing veins with elongated setae, not flat scales (mosquitoes have prominent scales); or perhaps a few scales along margin of wing(2)
lack ocelli
antenna setae in distinct whorls(2)
Food
Larvae predatory, adults of most species (perhaps) do not feed. Adults of a few exotic spp. are said to take blood(1)
Life Cycle
Larvae are filter feeders or predators (using modified prehensile antennae) in shallow stagnant waters. Larvae of Chaoborus, at least, are nearly transparent and planktonic (living in water column), not associated with a substrate like most fly larvae(4). Mochlonyx larva:
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