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Subfamily Microtominae

Strange Assassin nymph - Microtomus purcis Assassin Bug - Microtomus purcis Assassin Bug? - Homalocoris erythrogaster red white and black unknown bug - Microtomus purcis Microtomus purcis Unknown Bug - Microtomus purcis Milkweed-like Bug under bark - Homalocoris Microtomus purcis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Family Reduviidae (Assassin Bugs)
Subfamily Microtominae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Microtominae Schumacher, 1924 (1859)
Hammacerinae Stål, 1859
Hammatocerinae Stål, 1862
Explanation of Names
Type genus: Microtomus Illiger, 1807
Numbers
Two genera, 19 species in the subfamily worldwide. Homalocoris Perty (8 spp.) and Microtomus Illiger (11 spp.).
Size
7-30 mm
Identification
The subfamily is characterized by the minute pseudosegments of the second antennomere and the eyes being placed on the posterior margin of the head with the ocelli in between the eyes. The species are generally dark with setigerous granules densely distributed about the body and pale markings on the hemelytra.
Range
This is a strictly New World subfamily with the members occuring as far north as the southern portion of the midwestern United States and reaching all through Central and South America to Argentina.
Habitat
Very little is known about the life history of these insects though members of the genus Microtomus are known to occur under the bark of dead trees.
Remarks
Many current authors use the name Hammacerinae for the group even though the reversion is unjustified and incorrect.
Print References
Revision of Mexican fauna(1)
Works Cited
1.Hemiptera-Heteroptera de México V. Revisión de la subfamilia Hammacerinae (Reduviidae)
H. Brailovsky. 1980. Anales del Instituto de Biología. UNAM. Serie zoología, 51(1): 113-122.