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Species Zale horrida - Horrid Zale - Hodges#8717

Mocha-Moth - Zale horrida Horrid Zale - Hodges#8717 - Zale horrida Horrid Zale - Hodges #8717 (Zale horrida) - Zale horrida One gorgeous animal sheltering against the wind chill!  ID, please. - Zale horrida Horrid zale - Zale horrida - female Moth - Zale horrida Horrid Zale Moth - Zale horrida Zale horrida
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Omopterini
Genus Zale
Species horrida (Horrid Zale - Hodges#8717)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Zale horrida Hübner, 1818
Phaeocyma horrida (Smith's 1908 rediscription)
Phylogenetic sequence # 931053
Explanation of Names
The German entomologist Jacob Hubner, 1761-1826, named this species. See John Himmelman's article. Himmelman quotes a friend, Eric Metzler, on the origin: Latin "horridus" (adjectival horrida) means "standing on end, sticking out, rough shaggy, bristly, prickly". Aha! So Hubner did not think this was a horrifying moth at all!

horrid means "bristly" and refers to the bristles on the thorax"(1)
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed 39 species of the genus Zale species in America north of Mexico. (2)
Wingspan 3.5-4 cm(3)
Crumb (1956) reported the larva mature to 40 mm. (4)
Canada to Florida and Texas. (5)
Deciduous forests
March to October, longer flight in Florida.
Larvae feed on Nanyberry Viburnum lentago (Wyatt)(3)
Print References
Covell, p. 168, plate 38 #19 (3)
Crumb, S.E. 1956. The larvae of the Phalaenidae United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1135. p. 293. (4)
Smith, J.B. 1908. A revision of some species of Noctuidae heretofore referred to the genus Homoptera (Boisduval). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 35:. p. 270. (6)
Works Cited
1.Kaufman Field Guide to Insects of North America
Eric Eaton, Kenn Kaufman. 2006. Houghton Mifflin.
2.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
3.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
4.The Larvae of the Phalaenidae [Noctuidae]
Samuel Ebb Crumb. 1956. U.S. Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1135: 1-356.
5.Owlet Caterpillars of Eastern North America
David L. Wagner. 2011. Princeton University Press.
6.A revision of some species of Noctuidae heretofore referred to the genus Homoptera (Boisduval)
John B. Smith. 1908. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 35: 209-275.
7.North American Moth Photographers Group
8.The Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)