Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Compared to similar species (such as Pearl Cresecnt), note large white spot/band in median of underside of hindwing, dark tip of and edge of upper forewing (1) (2)
Caterpillars are nearly black, dusted with tiny white spots. May have a broad yellow to orange stripe or two thinner stripes along each side. Branched spines,typical of this family.
Southern Canada south to Georgia and Texas but absent from much of the Southeastern Coastal Plain (3)
steamsides, moist meadows, and open moist deciduous woods (1)
June-July in northern part of range; March-September in Texas (1)
Larvae feed on members of the Asteraceae (daisy family) - especially Wingstem (Verbesina) and Sunflower (Helianthus), but also Aster and Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia).
One flight (June-July) in northern part of range, but two or more southward. Overwinters as a third-instar larva, in a "special reddish-brown skin" (1)
Scott, #219, p. 304, plates 1 (egg), 3 (larva), 29 (adult) (1)
Glassberg, p. 110, plate 30 (2)
Brock and Kaufman, pp. 184-185 (4)