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Species Libytheana carinenta - American Snout - Hodges#4411

Am. Snout Butterfly - Libytheana carinenta Butterfly - Libytheana carinenta Small Butterfly or moth. Sorry for the bad image. - Libytheana carinenta American Snout - Libytheana carinenta American Snout - Libytheana carinenta American Snout - Libytheana carinenta American Snout - Right Ventral - Libytheana carinenta American Snout - Libytheana carinenta
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies (excluding skippers))
Family Nymphalidae (Brushfooted Butterflies)
Subfamily Libytheinae (Snouts)
Genus Libytheana
Species carinenta (American Snout - Hodges#4411)
Hodges Number
4411
Other Common Names
Snout butterfly
Picuda
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Syn: Libytheana bachmanii (Kirtland, 1851)
Snouts are frequently placed in their own family, Libytheidae, as the larvae lack the spines and horns of most Nymphalidae and the pupae lack the dorsal bumps of most Nymphalinae.
Explanation of Names
"Snout" name due to extended labial palps.
Numbers
About eight species occur throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
Size
41-51mm (1)
Identification
Beak-like labial palps. Topside forewing has white spots and orange patches on dark background. Underside violet-gray. (1)

Range
Resident in southern U.S. and Mexico. Periodic to northern U.S. and extreme southern Ontario.
Season
Gilbert's (1985) review of published accounts of snout migrations in south Texas between 1912 and 1980 found that they occur from late June to mid-October.
Food
Hackberries (Celtis) and sugarberry. (1)
Spiny Hackberry (Celtis pallida)
Remarks
Only snout butterfly that occurs regularly north of Mexico. (2)
Raymond Neck (1983) was the first to note that snout population size is positively correlated with the intensity and duration of dry periods immediately preceding drought-terminating rains. Larry Gilbert (1985) conducted the most intensive study yet of snout population explosions in south Texas.
Print References
Opler, P.A., Malikul, V., & R.T. Peterson, 1992. A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 230, plate 18. (1)
Mitchell, R.T., Zim, H.S., & A. Durenceau, 2001. Butterflies and Moths. St. Martin's Press, p. 62. (2)
Gilbert, L.E., 1985. Ecological factors which influence migratory behavior in two butterflies of the semi-arid shrublands of South Texas. pp. 724-747 in: Rankin, M.A. editors. Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance. University of Texas, Port Aransas.
Neck, R.W., 1983. Causal analysis of a migration of the snout butterfly. Libytheana bachmanii larvata (Strecker) (Libytheidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(2):121-128. PDF
Neck, R.W., 1984. On the origin of snout butterflies (Libytheana bachmanii larvata, Libytheidae) in a 1978 migration in south Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(4):319-322. PDF
Works Cited
1.A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides)
Paul A. Opler, Vichai Malikul, Roger Tory Peterson. 1992. Houghton Mifflin Company.
2.Butterflies and Moths (A Golden Guide from St. Martin's Press)
Robert T. Mitchell, Herbert S. Zim, Andre Durenceau. 2001. Golden Guides from St. Martin's Press.
3.Butterflies of North America
4.North American Moth Photographers Group