Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Blissidae

Lygaeidae? - Ischnodemus falicus Saltmarsh Chinch Bug - Ischnodemus falicus Chinch Bug - Blissus leucopterus - female Teneral chinch bug? - Blissus leucopterus Bug - Blissus leucopterus Ischnodemus Blissidae, dorsal - Ischnodemus falicus Blissus arenarius
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Blissidae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
formerly treated under Lygaeidae
Explanation of Names
Blissidae Stål 1862
Numbers
30 spp. in 4 genera in our area,* 435 spp. in 50 genera worldwide(1)(2)(3)
*Blissus 16 spp., Ischnodemus 12 spp., Toonglasa 1 sp., Wheelerodemus 1 sp.
Size
3-15+ mm worldwide(4)
Range
widely distributed throughout NA, although primarily tropical globally, with several centers of endemism on various continents; Ischnodemus is the only genus that exhibits a near cosmopolitan distribution (mostly tropical)(1)
Food
closely associated with a broad range of monocots and often live cryptically in basal leaf-sheaths (laminaphiles); unlike most lygaeoids, blissids feed on vegetative parts(1); our spp. on grasses(5)
Works Cited
1.Zoological catalogue of Australia: Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomomorpha)
Cassis G., Gross G.F. 2002. CSIRO Publishing, 751 pp.
2.Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States
Thomas J. Henry, Richard C. Froeschner. 1988. Brill Academic Publishers.
3.Wheelerodemus muhlenbergiae, a new genus and new species of Blissidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeoidea) from Okla. and Texas.
Henry, T.J., Sweet, M.H. 2015. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 117(2): 151-161.
4.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
5.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.