Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Species Nemoria lixaria - Red-bordered Emerald - Hodges#7033

 Red-bordered Emerald - Hodges#7033 - Nemoria lixaria Red-bordered Emerald Moth - Hodges #7033 - Nemoria lixaria 21mar2012-moth5 - Nemoria lixaria Red-bordered Emerald - Nemoria lixaria Hodges #7033 - Red-fringed Emerald - Nemoria lixaria - male Nemoria elfa? - Nemoria lixaria Nemoria lixaria ? - Nemoria lixaria
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Geometrinae (Emeralds)
Tribe Nemoriini
Genus Nemoria
Species lixaria (Red-bordered Emerald - Hodges#7033)
Hodges Number
7033
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Nemoria lixaria (Guenée, [1858])
* phylogenetic sequence # 206750
Size
Forewing length:(1)
males 10.5-13 mm.
females 12-15 mm
Identification
Adult: wings pale green with jagged white AM and PM lines and red terminal lines; tiny black discal dots on all wings; fringe checkered red and white; abdominal spots white ringed with red; melanic specimens brownish-green with dark brown lines and fringe (2)


"semi-melananic winter form" occurs in the Deep South from November through March and is fairly common.(1)


does not occur in light brown spring form, as does N. bistriaria
Range
coastal New Jersey to Florida, west to eastern Texas and Arkansas (2); doesn't reach northern states or Canada
Habitat
Deciduous forests
Season
adults fly from April to June, and July to October (two broods) in the north; all year in the deep south
Food
Larvae feed on leaves of oak, especially red oaks such as Shumard's Oak (Quercus shumardii), a species of southern bottomlands.
See Also
The green summer form of Nemoria bistriaria can be difficult to distinguish from Nemoria lixaria.(1)
Print References
Covell, pp. 373-374, plate 46 #4 (2)
Wagner, p. 83--larva of N. mimosaria (3)
Ferguson, D. C., 1985. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 18.1: p. 49; pl. 2.15-22.(1)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems - species account with collection map and photos of pinned adults.
Maryland Moths live adult images plus dates and larval foodplant (Larry Line, Maryland)
Dallas Butterflies pinned adult image and larval foodplant (Dale Clark, Texas)
Works Cited
1.The Moths of America North of Mexico Fascicle 18.1. Geometroidea, Geometridae (Part), Geometrinae
Douglas C. Ferguson . 1985. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
2.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
3.Caterpillars of Eastern Forests
David L. Wagner, Valerie Giles, Richard C. Reardon, Michael L. McManus. 1998. U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.