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Species Catocala palaeogama - Oldwife Underwing - Hodges#8795

Catocala palaeogama? - Catocala palaeogama Catocala - Catocala palaeogama Dagger Moth? - Catocala palaeogama Moth - Catocala palaeogama Moth - Catocala palaeogama Catocala palaeogama Catocala - Catocala palaeogama
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species palaeogama (Oldwife Underwing - Hodges#8795)
Hodges Number
8795
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
specific epithet misspelled "paleogama" on several web sites
Size
wingspan 60-70 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing variable, usually mottled whitish-gray [or blackish in melanic form "denussa"] [or with black basal patch and ST band in form "phalanga"]; AM line a considerable distance from subreniform spot; in form "annida", forewing whitish with black reniform spot, subapical spot, and border along inner margin; hindwing orange with irregular black bands in all forms; fringe orange at apex
[adapted from description by Charles Covell]
Range
Ontario, Quebec, and Maine to Georgia, west to Texas, north to South Dakota and Minnesota
Habitat
deciduous woods containing food plants; adults are nocturnal and attracted to light
Season
adults fly from June to October
Food
larvae feed on leaves of hickory and walnut
Life Cycle
one generation per year; overwinters as an egg deposited on bark in the fall
See Also
The Bride (C. neogama) forewing has dark or blackish basal patch, and AM line comes close to touching subreniform spot
Youthful Underwing (C. subnata) has thin, inconspicuous black lines
(compare images of all three species)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
live and pinned adult images by various photographers, plus description, food plants, biology, distribution, flight season (Bill Oehlke, silkmoths.bizland.com)
pinned adult image of melanic form "denussa" (Harold Vermes, U. of Massachusetts)
pinned adult image of form "phalanga" (Harold Vermes, U. of Massachusetts)
pinned adult images of three forms (James Adams, Dalton State College, Georgia)
pinned adult image of form "annida" by Jim Vargo (Moth Photographers Group)
adult images (Larry Line, Maryland)
common name reference plus food plants and flight season (Ohio State U.)
presence in Minnesota; list (Insects of Cedar Creek, Minnesota)