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Species Eumorpha fasciatus - Banded Sphinx - Hodges#7865

Banded Sphinx - Eumorpha fasciatus Banded Sphinx - Eumorpha fasciatus Large Moth - Eumorpha fasciatus Caterpiller. What genus and species? - Eumorpha fasciatus Caterpiller. What genus and species? - Eumorpha fasciatus Unknown caterpiller. - Eumorpha fasciatus Sphinx Moth ID - Eumorpha fasciatus caterpillar - Virginia, Sept, 6
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Macroglossinae
Tribe Macroglossini
Genus Eumorpha
Species fasciatus (Banded Sphinx - Hodges#7865)
Hodges Number
7865
Other Common Names
Lesser Vine Sphinx Moth
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
First described in 1776 by Johann Heinrich Sulzer as Sphinx fasciatus
Eumorpha fasciata
Eumorpha fasciatus
Explanation of Names
fasciatus is Latin for "banded"
Size
Wingspan 8.7-9.6 cm
Identification
Adult:Strong white bands on wings. Brown band on costa (leading edge of forewing) distinguishes from the similar, less widespread, Vine Sphinx, E. vitis.


Larva:Caterpillars highly variable. Black spiracles edged with white, and diagonal white stripes pointing towards the head (much less common than the reverse, in sphingids) seem to be common features. One caterpillar form is mostly green. Another form has a base color of green or yellow, pinkish-red and black cross-stripes, red feet and longitutudinal sub-spiracular green or yellow stripes edged with red.
Range
Southeastern United States to Texas, into tropics. Strays (temporary colonization?) northward.
Habitat
Old fields, nearby woodlands with hostplant
Season
May-July, August-November (2 broods) in southern US. Only latter brood farther north.
Food
Larvae feed on Evening Primrose, Oenothera species, Water Primrose, Ludwigia species, and other related plants (Onagraceae).
Adults are crepuscular to nocturnal and feed on nectar. a
Life Cycle
Moths lay large, spherical, smooth eggs on the lower surface of foodplant leaves. The hatched larvae (caterpillars) feed on leaves, preferring the middle of the blade. Caterpillars usually go through five instars of wide varying colors and patterns, where fifth instar is a characteristic 1st form (green) or 2nd form (colorful). Mature larvae leave host foodplant to bury themselves in an underground cavity in fall. Caterpillars pupate during winter, then crawl out of their burrows in Spring (Appear May-August) as Moths. a
Print References
Covell, page 41, plate 3 #12 (1)
Wagner, page 276 (2)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - photographs of larva, living and pinned adults
North Carolina State University - photo and discussion of caterpillar
Eumorpha fasciata Life Cycle - shows different instars of caterpillar, pupa, adult
Abgekürtze Geschichte der Insecten nach dem Linaeischen System, p.151 - Sulzer's original description of the species (in German, +Fraktur letters)
Works Cited
1.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
2.Caterpillars of Eastern North America
David L. Wagner. 2005. Princeton University Press.