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Species Apatelodes torrefacta - Spotted Apatelodes - Hodges#7663

Some sort of hawkmoth - Apatelodes torrefacta Apatelodes torrefacta at the bug light - Apatelodes torrefacta Sphinx or Hawk? - Apatelodes torrefacta Moth to porch light - Apatelodes torrefacta Spotted Apatelodes Moth - Apatelodes torrefacta Moth - Apatelodes torrefacta Moth - Apatelodes torrefacta Moth, Spotted Apatelodes  - Apatelodes torrefacta
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Bombycidae (Silkworm Moths)
Subfamily Apatelodinae
Genus Apatelodes
Species torrefacta (Spotted Apatelodes - Hodges#7663)
Hodges Number
7663
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Apatelodes torrefacta (J.E. Smith, 1797)
Phalaena torrefacta Smith, 1797
Size
Wingspan 32-46 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing gray with brown lines and shading; note dark patch near base of forewing, thin scalloped postmedial line, and small pale spot near apex; in some postures, holds wings and tail up in the manner of some sphinx moths; hindwing reddish-brown

Larva: body clothed with long yellow, white, or gray hairs; long black, or orange and black, medial lashes on dorsum of second and third thoracic - and eighth abdominal - segments; black chevrons above spiracles; ends of prolegs red
[adapted from description by Wagner and Giles]
Young larvae are entirely white long-haired with white to pinkish legs to about 20 mm long.
Mature larvae to 45 mm. long
Range
Maine and southern Ontario to Florida, west to Texas, north to Wisconsin. (1), (2), (3), (4)
Habitat
Deciduous forests and adjacent areas
Season
Adults are most common from May to September. (5)
Heppner (3003) reported adults from March to August in Florida. (4)
Larvae from June-September
Food
Larvae feed on ash (Fraxinus), cherry (Prunus), maple (Acer), oak (Quercus).
Heppner (3003) reported a long list of larval host plants. (4)
Tuliptree, Redbud and Spiraea.
Life Cycle
Two generations per year in the south; one in the north.

Life Cycle images:
mated pair; larva; larva; larva detail; pupa; adult
Remarks
An odd-looking species, easily mistaken for a sphinx moth.
Print References
Covell, p. 56, plate 8 #19 (6)
Franclemont, J.G., 1973. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 20.1, p. 18; pl. 3.11-13. (7)
Smith, 1797. in Smith & Abbot Nat. Hist. Lepid. Ins. Georgia 2: 151.
Wagner, p. 24--caterpillar (8)
Internet References
pinned adult image plus food plants (Dale Clark, Moths of Dallas County, Texas)
live larva image plus description, food plants, seasonality, life cycle (David Wagner and Valerie Giles, Caterpillars of Eastern Forests, USGS)
live larva image (Lance Risley, U. of Georgia, forestryimages.org)
live larva image (Giff Beaton, Georgia)
classification in family Bombycidae, subfamily Apatelodinae (Brian Pitkin, Butterflies and Moths of the World)
Works Cited
1.Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Florida
2.South Carolina Moth Species
3.Moths of Dallas County, Texas
4.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
5.North American Moth Photographers Group
6.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
7.The Moths of America North of Mexico. Fascicle 20.1. Mimallonoidea (Mimallonidae) and Bombycoidea.....
J. G. Franclemont. 1973. E.W. Classey Ltd. & R.B.D. Publications Inc.
8.Caterpillars of Eastern Forests
David L. Wagner, Valerie Giles, Richard C. Reardon, Michael L. McManus. 1998. U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.