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Species Chrysolina hyperici - St. Johnswort Beetle

Beetle - Chrysolina hyperici Beetles - Chrysolina hyperici Small green beetle - Chrysolina hyperici There were many brown ones around- he stood out - Chrysolina hyperici St. Johnswort Beetle - Chrysolina hyperici St. Johnswort Beetle - Chrysolina hyperici hyperici or quadrigemina? - Chrysolina hyperici - male hyperici or quadrigemina? - Chrysolina hyperici - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles)
Subfamily Chrysomelinae
Tribe Chrysomelini
Subtribe Doryphorina
Genus Chrysolina
No Taxon (subgenus Hypericia)
Species hyperici (St. Johnswort Beetle)
Size
Body length 4-6 mm
Identification
Adult: body oval, metallic green or bronze with punctate elytra
Larva: body humped, initially orange, later grayish, but not often seen, as they feed mostly at night and hide during the day in leaf buds, under the plant, or in the soil
Range
Nova Scotia to Ontario, plus British Columbia and adjacent parts of United States
Native to Europe and Asia
Habitat
On St. John's-wort plants
Season
Adults present in June and again in fall
Food
Larvae feed during the night on shoot tips and basal and developing leaves of St. John's-wort (Hypericum spp.)
Adults feed in clusters during the day on flower buds and terminal leaves of St. John's-wort
Life Cycle
Up to 2,000 reddish eggs laid singly or in small clusters on basal leaves of hostplant, mostly in fall; larvae hatch in spring; pupation occurs in the soil in late spring; adults emerge in June to feed, then enter the soil; they emerge again in fall and resume feeding; overwinters as an adult and egg
Remarks
Introduced to North America to control growth and spread of St. John's-wort, and to reduce the spread of native St. John's-wort disease (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides)
Adults are more tolerant of cooler and wetter summers than the related Chrysolina quadrigemina, whose larvae and adults are killed by May frosts, and whose adult dormancy is disrupted by summer rains.
See Also
Klamath Weed Beetle (Chrysolina quadrigemina) is larger (6-7 mm) and may be purple, blue, or nearly black, in addition to metallic bronze and green
Internet References
Live adult images plus description, biology, impact, origin, similar species, distribution, references (Agriculture Canada)
Common name reference plus description, biology, overview (Montana War on Weeds)
Description plus biology and foodplants (British Columbia Ministry of Forests)
Preserved adult images of male and females (European Chrysomelidae, U. of Wroclaw, Poland)
Adult images (Malcolm Storey, UK)