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Genus Phengodes - Glowworms

Phengodes plumosa - male Phengodidae - Phengodes Rolled Up Bug - Phengodes Adult glow worm beetle - Phengodes plumosa - male Found in pitfall trap - Phengodes Glowworm Beetle - Phengodes plumosa - male Orange Spotted - Phengodes Phengodes - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Elateriformia)
Superfamily Elateroidea (Click, Firefly and Soldier Beetles)
Family Phengodidae (Glowworm Beetles)
Tribe Phengodini
Genus Phengodes (Glowworms)
Explanation of Names
Phengodes Illiger 1807
Greek phengodes 'shining'(1)
Numbers
10 spp. in 2 subgenera (7 Phengodes s. str. + 3 Phengodella) in our area; 28 spp. total(2)(3)
Size
♂ 11-20 mm, ♀ up to 40-65 mm(4)(5)
Identification
key to spp. in Wittmer (1975)(3)
Range
Phengodes s. str. occur from s. ON throughout e. & central US to AZ (with other spp. in Mexico); Phengodella, in CA & TX (with other spp. from Mexico to Venezuela and Ecuador)(2)
Internet References
Texas Entomology - Mike Quinn 2009
Works Cited
1.Composition of scientific words
Brown R.W. 1956. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 882 pp.
2.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
3.The genus Phengodes in the United States (Coleoptera: Phengodidae)
Wittmer W. 1975. Col. Bull. 29: 231-250.
4.The Beetles of Northeastern North America, Vol. 1 and 2.
Downie, N.M., and R.H. Arnett. 1996. The Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, FL.
5.Beetles of Eastern North America
Arthur V. Evans. 2014. Princeton University Press.