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Family Schizopteridae - Jumping Soil Bugs

Glyptocombus saltator, brachypterus form - specimen# SMEC0957295 - Glyptocombus saltator Schizopteridae - Corixidea major - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Dipsocoromorpha (Litter Bugs)
Family Schizopteridae (Jumping Soil Bugs)
Numbers
4 spp. in 4 genera in our area(1), the largest family of the suborder, with ~230 described spp. in >42 genera worldwide (estimated diversity much higher, >1200 spp.)(2)
Size
0.8-2 mm(1)
Identification
head strongly deflexed, eyes large, hind legs modified for jumping(3)
Range
largely tropical; distribution of our spp. is very poorly understood, but mostly restricted to se. US (FL to VA-TN), although Glyptocombus saltator is more widely distributed (MD-GA to MI-KS; WA), and an undescribed sp. recently found in BC(1)(4)(5)(Scudder 2010)
Habitat
damp soil, leaf litter(1)
Food
all members are thought to feed on small invertebrates(3)
Remarks
very rarely collected; jump when disturbed(1); some come to lights(4)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
3.Australian Faunal Directory
4.The occurrence in Florida and Virginia of Corixidea major, an exceptionally rare North American bug (Heteroptera:Schizopteridae)
R.L. Hoffman, S.M. Roble, T.J. Henry. 2005. Banisteria 26: 18-19.
5.First records of the rarely collected bug Nannocoris arenarius from Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia (Het.: Schizopteridae)
R.L. Hoffman, S.M. Roble, T.J. Henry. 2007. Banisteria 30: 38-39.