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Species Chalcophora virginiensis - Sculptured Pine Borer

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Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Buprestoidea (Metallic Wood Boring Beetles)
Family Buprestidae (Metallic Wood-boring Beetles)
Subfamily Chrysochroinae
Tribe Chrysochroini
Genus Chalcophora
Species virginiensis (Sculptured Pine Borer)
Other Common Names
Large Flat-headed Pine Heartwood Borer, Larger Flat-headed Pine Borer, Virginia Pine Borer, Western Pine Borer
Explanation of Names
Chalcophora virginiensis (Drury 1770)
male 18-30 mm(1), larva to 50 mm
NB-FL to SK-TX; Japan, Europe. Records from Mexico and Central America are based on misidentifications(1)
Feb-Jul & Oct-Nov in NC(2)
hosts: Pinus spp., Taxodium distichum(3)
Life Cycle
Female lays eggs on scars in bark of living pines, sometimes on downed logs. Larvae feed under bark for several years and may reduce much of tree to sawdust. Life cycle is two or more years.(4)
Works Cited
1.Reevaluation of Chalcophora angulicollis (LeConte) and Chalcophora virginiensis (Drury) with a review and key...
Maier C.A., Ivie M.A. 2013. The Coleopterists Bulletin 67: 457-469.
2.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
3.A catalog and bibliography of the Buprestoidea of America north of Mexico
Nelson et al. 2008. The Coleopterists Society, Special Publication No. 4. 274 pp.
4.Insects of Eastern Forests
Arnold T. Drooz, (editors). 1985. USDA Forest Service Misc. Publication 1426.