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Family Coccidae - Soft Scale Insects

unknown - Saissetia coffeae Barnacle scale, Florida - Ceroplastes cirripediformis - female Scales on birch stem Dark brown scale - female Sedge scale Scale with stripe and spots - female Pulvinaria? on Viburnum dentatum - female Oak Scale - Parthenolecanium quercifex
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Sternorrhyncha (Plant-parasitic Hemipterans)
Superfamily Coccoidea (Scales and Mealybugs)
Family Coccidae (Soft Scale Insects)
Other Common Names
Soft Scales, Wax Scales, and Tortoise Scales
Numbers
>1,100 spp. in 171 genera worldwide(1)
Identification
Flattened elongate oval with a hard smooth exoskeleton, or covered with wax. Legs can be present or absent. Antennae can be much reduced or absent. Males can be winged or wingless.
Remarks
A number of damaging species.
Works Cited
1.ScaleNet