considered cosmopolitan; native to, and widespread in the Palaearctic, adventive and widespread in NA (transcontinental) & many places worldwide(1)(2)
synanthropic; associated with bird nests/roosts(3), especially in tree holes, but regularly occurs outside nests on various kinds of decomposing organic matter in forests and farm areas(4)(1); within the native range, also in mammal burrows(2)
Contributed by v belov on 22 February, 2012 - 5:53am Last updated 14 January, 2014 - 5:45pm
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