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Species Sceliphron caementarium - Black and Yellow Mud Dauber

Mud dauber for California in August - Sceliphron caementarium Very long, yellow and black thread waisted wasp - Sceliphron caementarium Black and yellow mud dauber - Sceliphron caementarium Wasp home 1 - Sceliphron caementarium Black And Yellow Mud Dauber Wasp - Sceliphron caementarium Black and Yellow Mud Dauber - Sceliphron caementarium Mud Dauber - Sceliphron caementarium Mud Dauber - Sceliphron caementarium
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Apoid Wasps (Apoidea)- traditional Sphecidae)
Family Sphecidae (Thread-waisted Wasps)
Subfamily Sceliphrinae
Tribe Sceliphrini
Genus Sceliphron
Species caementarium (Black and Yellow Mud Dauber)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
=Pelopeus caementarius, Sceliphron caementaria
Explanation of Names
Latin caementarius 'mason, builder of walls'
Size
24-28 mm
Identification
Black body with variable amount of yellow markings. Pedicel (waist) about twice as long as the rest of the abdomen.
Range
Throughout NA (extreme so. Canada to Central America and West Indies)(1); accidentally introduced into Europe several times, well established in several countries since the 1970s(2)
Habitat
Adults nectar at flowers; mud nests are built in all kinds of sheltered locations, incl. man-made structures, rock ledges, etc. Adults collect mud for nests at puddle/pool edges.(3)(4)
Food
nests are provisioned with spiders; adults common at flowers(3), especially parsnip and water parsnip, and visit hummingbird feeders(4)
Remarks
Nests may comprise up to 25 cylindrical cells, with typically 6-15 (up to 40) prey spiders per cell. The female may provide the cells with a temporary closure (a thin mud curtain) to keep out parasites while she is collecting prey. Once the cell is stocked, she lays an egg on one of the last prey and seals the cell with a thick mud plug. She may then add more mud to cover the entire cluster of cells.(4)
Works Cited
1.Ascher J.S., Pickering J. (2014) Discover Life bee species guide and world checklist (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila)
2.Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe
Roques A. Kenis M., Lees D., Lopez-Vaamonde C., Rabitsch W., Rasplus J.-Y., Roy D., eds. 2010. BioRisk 4 Special Issue; 2 vols., 1028 pp.
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Solitary Wasps: Behavior and Natural History (Cornell Series in Arthropod Biology)
Kevin M. O'Neill. 2000. Comstock Publishing.