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Species Fissicrambus mutabilis - Changeable Grass-veneer - Hodges#5435

Fissicrambus mutabilis 5435 Changeable Grass-veneer  - Fissicrambus mutabilis Changeable Grass-veneer - Hodges #5435 (Fissicrambus mutabilis) - Fissicrambus mutabilis Crambidae: Fissicrambus mutabilis? - Fissicrambus mutabilis Crambidae: Fissicrambus mutabilus? - Fissicrambus mutabilis Fissicrambus mutabilis Fissicrambus mutabilis – Changeable Grass-veneer Moth possible - Fissicrambus mutabilis Hodges #5435 - Changeable Grass-veneer Moth - Fissicrambus mutabilis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Subfamily Crambinae (Crambine Snout Moths)
Tribe Crambini
Genus Fissicrambus
Species mutabilis (Changeable Grass-veneer - Hodges#5435)
Hodges Number
5435
Other Common Names
Striped Sod Webworm (larva)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Fissicrambus mutabilis (Clemens, 1860)
Crambus mutabilis Clemens, 1860
Synonym: Crambus fuscicostellus Zeller, 1863
Explanation of Names
MUTABILIS: a Latin word meaning changeable, from "mutare" (to change); this explains the origin of the common name Changeable Grass-veneer, but I don't know what it refers to - and whether it applies to the adult or the larva
Size
Wingspan about 17 mm.
Larva to about 20 mm.
Identification
Adult: forewing yellowish-brown with diffuse grayish-white streak running lengthwise in upper half of wing (i.e. nearest the costa); subterminal line black, evenly toothed; PM line jagged, irregularly toothed, sometimes continuous but often broken and represented by just two or three black spots; hindwing variably pale to dark brownish-gray

Larva: presumably striped (considering the common name of Striped Sod Webworm) but no specific descriptions were found on the Internet; general decription of a webworm larva includes a dark head and pale yellow to grayish body with dark spots
Range
Heppner (2003) reported the range to include New York to Florida, Illinois to Texas. (1)
McAlpine et al (2010) includes Prince Edward Island to Quebec.(2)
Habitat
Lawns, golf courses, grassy areas; adults may be flushed from grass during the day but are crepuscular/nocturnal and come to light.
Season
The main flight period is April to September. (3)
Heppner (2003) reported adults January to December in Florida. (1)
Food
The larvae feed on grasses at night.
Life Cycle
Two generations per year; overwinters as a partly-grown larva.
Remarks
Beadle & Leckie (2012) stated the adults "Rests in a headstand position." (4)

There are many publications online concerning the pest status of turf management.
See Also
Sod Webworm (Pediasia trisecta) forewing has dark speckling in lower half, and lacks a grayish-white longitudinal streak in upper half
Black Grass-veneer (Neodactria caliginosella) forewing is darker, and lacks a grayish-white longitudinal streak
Bluegrass Webworm Moth (Parapediasia teterrella) forewing has a smooth and mostly straight subterminal line, not evenly toothed
Internet References
pinned adult image (Larry Line, Maryland)
biology and control of several webworm species, including F. mutabilis (Ohio State U.)
Works Cited
1.Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas: Lepidoptera of Florida
J.B. Heppner. 2003. Florida Department of Agriculture 17(1): 1-670.
2.Assessment of species diversity in the Atlantic Maritime Ecozone
McAlpine D.F., Smith I.M. (eds.). 2010. Canadian Science Publishing (NRC Research Press). 785 pp.
3.North American Moth Photographers Group
4.Peterson Field Guide to Moths of Northeastern North America
David Beadle and Seabrooke Leckie. 2012. Houghton Mifflin.
5.Butterflies of North America
6.The Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)