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Family Gracillariidae - Leaf Blotch Miner Moths

Maybe Phyllonorycter species ? - Phyllonorycter Unidentified Cremastobombycia  - Cremastobombycia Moth IMG_0217 - Phyllocnistis liriodendronella Gregarious Oak Leafminer, 0815?? Caloptilia Caloptilia sassafrasella Phyllonorycter ex Castanea dentata - Phyllonorycter kearfottella Phyllonorycter quercialbella
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Gracillarioidea
Family Gracillariidae (Leaf Blotch Miner Moths)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gracillariidae Stainton, 1854
Explanation of Names
Gracillariidae from the type genus Gracilaria (Zeller), Latin meaning "graceful, slender." (1)
Numbers
D. R. Davis, in an email to Charley Eiseman dated 11/21/12, reported that in America north of Mexico there are 323 described species and 104 known undescribed species.
Size
Wingspan 4-20 mm
Identification
Small to minute moths associated with host plants. Top of head rough- to smooth-scaled. Antennae long. FW usually without an accessory cell, HW has a hump along the costal margin near the base in some species. Unique "tripod" stance with the anterior part of the body elevated and the wing tips touching the surface on which the moth is resting.
Season
Summer, fall
Life Cycle
Larvae produce a "blotch mine" on leaf and the leaf is often folded, then tied on with silk and then they feed. They usually pupate in their mines.
Remarks
Classification according to All-Leps:
Family GRACILLARIIDAE
Subfamily Gracillariinae
Subfamily Lithocolletinae
Subfamily Phyllocnistinae
Print References
Covell, pp.446-448 (2)
Cranshaw, pp. 214-215 (3)
Borror, p.507 (4)
Internet References
leaf mine and live adult image (Jeremy Tatum, Butterflies and Moths of Southern Vancouver Island)
Works Cited
1.An accentuated list of the British Lepidoptera, with hints on the derivation of the names.
Anonymous. 1858. The Entomological Societies of Oxford and Cambridge.
2.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
3.Garden Insects of North America : The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs (Princeton Field Guides)
Whitney Cranshaw. 2004. Princeton University Press.
4.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.