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Family Gracillariidae - Leaf Blotch Miner Moths

oak blotch Cameraria sp. - Cameraria small moth Unidentified  - Marmara Help - Micrurapteryx salicifoliella dogwood leaf mine - Caloptilia Moth - Gracillaria syringella ?Marmara mine Laurel Sumac - Marmara Big blotch mine - Cameraria
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Gracillarioidea
Family Gracillariidae (Leaf Blotch Miner Moths)
All-Leps lists 296 species in 22 genera in North America. D. R. Davis, in an email to Charley Eiseman dated 11/21/12, reported that in America north of Mexico there are 323 described species and 104 known undescribed species.
Wingspan 4-20 mm
Small to minute moths associated with host plants. Top of head rough- to smooth-scaled. Antennae long. FW usually without an accessory cell, HW has a hump along the costal margin near the base in some species. Unique "tripod" stance with the anterior part of the body elevated and the wing tips touching the surface on which the moth is resting.
Summer, fall
Life Cycle
Larvae produce a "blotch mine" on leaf and the leaf is often folded, then tied on with silk and then they feed. They usually pupate in their mines.
Classification according to All-Leps:
Subfamily Gracillariinae
Subfamily Lithocolletinae
Subfamily Phyllocnistinae
Print References
Covell, pp.446-448 (1)
Cranshaw, pp. 214-215 (2)
Borror, p.507 (3)
Internet References
leaf mine and live adult image (Jeremy Tatum, Butterflies and Moths of Southern Vancouver Island)
Works Cited
1.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
2.Garden Insects of North America : The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs (Princeton Field Guides)
Whitney Cranshaw. 2004. Princeton University Press.
3.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.