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Order Phasmida - Walkingsticks

Northern Walking Stick - Diapheromera femorata - male Two-Striped Walking Stick? - Anisomorpha buprestoides Anisomorpha buprestoides Img_1448 - Anisomorpha buprestoides - female Walkingstick - which species? - Megaphasma denticrus - male Walking Stick - Diapheromera femorata - female Giant Walking Stick - Megaphasma denticrus - male - female Young Walkingstick - Diapheromera femorata which walking stick? - Diapheromera femorata - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Phasmida (Walkingsticks)
Other Common Names
stick insects, sticks, devil's riding horse, prairie alligator, witch's horse, devil's darning needle, musk mare (Thomas 2003)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phasmatodea, Phasmatoptera, Cheleutoptera
Phasmida has in past been subsumed into various other orders, e.g. treated as a [super]family within a broadly defined Orthoptera. Currently the two are treated as closely related but separate orders.
Explanation of Names
from Greek phasma (φασμα) 'apparition, phantom'(1)
Numbers
29 spp. in 10 genera in our area (2), ca. 3000 worldwide(3); 16 spp. in 6 genera in TX(4)
Identification
Body and legs very long and slender; no wings in our spp. (one species in Florida has very short wings, many exotic forms are fully winged)
Recent revision:(5)
Range
Largely tropical, mostly Oriental(2); in NA, much more diverse in the South, scarcely represented in the North
Habitat
Usually found on trees or shrubs
Food
herbivorous
Internet References
Texas walkingsticks (Quinn 2012)
(6)(7)