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Species Metaleptea brevicornis - Clip-wing Grasshopper

Clipwing Grasshopper - Metaleptea brevicornis - male grasshopper - Metaleptea brevicornis - female Clipped-wing Grasshopper - Metaleptea brevicornis - male The Most Awesome Hopper. Ever. - Metaleptea brevicornis - male Grasshopper - Metaleptea brevicornis - female Metaleptea brevicornis - female Metaleptea brevicornis - female clip-winged grasshopper? - Metaleptea brevicornis - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Gomphocerinae (Slant-faced Grasshoppers)
No Taxon (Hyalopteryx Group)
Genus Metaleptea
Species brevicornis (Clip-wing Grasshopper)
Other Common Names
Short-horned Grasshopper
Short-horned Locust
Clipped-wing Grasshopper
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gryllus brevicornis Johannson, 1763. Type locality: U.S.A.
Acrydium ensicorne De Geer, 1773. Type locality: Pennsylvania
Truxalis notochlorus Beauvois, 1805. Type locality: Santo Domingo, Domincan Republic, Hispaniola
Truxalis viridulus Beauvois, 1807. Type locality: Caribbean, South America [perhaps referable to ssp. adspersa]
Opsomala punctipennis Serville, 1838. Type locality: North America
Truxalis brevicornis adspersa Blanchard, 1843. Type locality: Santa Cruz, Bolivia [treated by some recent authors as a full, distinct South American species. Rehn interpretted Central American material as intermediate between ssp. brevicornis (to the north) and adspersa (to the south)]
Oxycoryphus burkhartianus Saussure, 1861. Type locality: Mexico
Truxalis brevicornis (Johannson) S.H. Scudder, 1869
Opomala stenobothroides Walker, 1871. Type locality: Chontales, Nicaragua
Metaleptea brevicornis (Johanson) Giglio-Tos, 1897
Metaleptea brevicornis adspersa (Blanchard) Rhen, 1944
Metaleptea adspersa Donato & Cigliano, 2000
Explanation of Names
(Former genus name is from troxalis, a Latin/Greek word for grasshopper, related to Greek trox, gnaw, see A Dictionary of Botanical Etymology).
Size
Males: 25-38 mm, females: 36-53 mm (forehead to tip of folded wings)
Identification
Slant-faced, angled forewing tips, sword-like antennae, short rear-pointing spines on hind knees are distinctive:

Color variable brown and green. Hindwing has no pigment. Flies, seldom leaps.
Range
Eastern North America, mostly east of Mississippi. In south, range extends west to Texas, from there, south into neotropics, temperate South America.
Habitat
Wetlands with sedges, grasses, sometimes occurs in salt marshes.
Season
Mid-summer to fall. July-October (eastern North America). August-September (Michigan).
Food
Grasses, sedges.
Life Cycle
Both males and females come to lights at night. This has been noted in late July and early August in the lower Piedmont of North Carolina. Presumably this is a period of dispersal.
Remarks
This species is nearly unique among North American Slant-faced Grasshoppers in that it crepitates, producing a sharp clicking sound when it flies. In addition, at least two species of Acrolophitus are known to click faintly when they fly (A. maculipennis & A. pulchellus).
Print References
Helfer, p. 152, fig. 249 (1)
Capinera, pp. 57-58, plates 33-34 (2)
Lutz, 3rd ed., plate 13, "Truxalis brevicornis" (3)
Arnett, p. 174 (4)
Bland, p. 73 (5)
Brimley, p. 23, "Tryxalis brevicornis": "Raleigh and westward in marshes" (6)
Capinera et al., pp. 76-77 plate 7 (7)
Works Cited
1.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.
2.Grasshoppers of Florida (Invertebrates of Florida)
John L. Capinera, Clay W. Scherer, Jason M. Squiter, Jason M. Squitier. 2002. University Press of Florida.
3.Field Book of Insects of the United States and Canada, Aiming to Answer Common Questions,
Frank Eugene Lutz. 1935. Putnam Pub Group.
4.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
5.Orthoptera of Michigan
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
6.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
7.Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.