Species Schistocerca americana - American Bird Grasshopper
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae (Bird Grasshoppers)
Genus Schistocerca (Bird Grasshoppers)
Species americana (American Bird Grasshopper)
Other Common Names
American Grasshopper, American Locust
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Large, usually has creamy strip extending from head to forewings. Characteristically flies up and into trees when disturbed, behavior quite different from most other grasshoppers.
Eastern, central North America, south into Mexico and into South America. Somewhat migratory, in northern part of range may be immigrant only, not breeding.
Fields, open woodlands
Typically April-June and August-September. Adults overwinter, so sometimes seen late into fall and on warm winter days. July-November (Michigan).
Herbivore, feeds on a variety of grasses, forbs (non-grass herbs), and foliage of woody plants. It can be a pest of crops.
Unusual two generations per year: spring and early summer, plus late summer. Broods may overlap, however. (Some sources say there is a single, long-lived brood, with some overlap of generations in late summer.) Under favorable conditions, becomes gregarious, disperses in swarms.
Capinera et al., Grasshoppers of Florida
, pp. 121-122, plates 96-97 (1)
Capinera et al., Field Guide to Grasshoppers...
, pp. 144-145, plate 31 (2)
Helfer, p. 186, fig. 301 (3)
Milne, p. 425, fig. 263 (5)
--another version of above document?
|1.||Grasshoppers of Florida (Invertebrates of Florida)|
John L. Capinera, Clay W. Scherer, Jason M. Squiter, Jason M. Squitier. 2002. University Press of Florida.
|2.||Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States|
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.
|4.||Orthoptera of Michigan|
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
|6.||Insects of North Carolina|
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.