Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Aedes albopictus (Skuse)
Orig. Comb: Culex albopictus Skuse, 1894
Syn: Stegomyia albopicta (Skuse) - new classification proposed by Reinert et al in 2004, but not universally accepted.
Explanation of Names
The Asian Tiger Mosquito is so named because of its conspicuous stripes and its Asian origin.
recognized by bold black shiny scales and distinct silver white scales on the palpus and tarsi. The scutum is black with a distinctive white stripe down the center beginning at the dorsal surface of the head and continuing along the thorax.
AZ-FL-NH-NE / Mex. (as of July 2011)
First recorded in Houston in 1985. Arrived in used tires shipped from SE Asia.
These mosquitoes are often found near pools of standing water, typically in artificial containers.
mostly: May-Sept (BG data)
Adult females feed on the blood of birds, humans, and domestic & wild mammals.
The larvae feed on fine particulate organic matter in the water.
The ATM differs from most other mosquitos in that it's diurnal (active during the day).
Eggs are laid singly above the water surface on the sides of water-holding containers such as tires, animal watering dishes, birdbaths, flowerpots and natural holes in vegetation. Multiple generations per year; overwinters in the egg stage in temperate climates.
The Asian tiger mosquito is an invasive and aggressive species that was introduced to the United States during the mid-1980s. It was first collected in Texas in 1985, apparently having traveled from Asia in a shipment of used tires. These mosquitoes are vicious biters and have been known to transmit disease.
Gerhardt et al. 2001. First isolation of La Crosse Virus from naturally infected Aedes albopictus. Emerging Infectious Diseases 7: 807-811.
Hawley, W.A. 1988. The biology of Aedes albopictus. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. Supplement #1. p. 1-40.
Mitchell et al. 1992. Isolation of eastern equine encephalitis virus from Aedes albopictus in Florida. Science 257: 526-527.
Moore et al. 1988. Aedes albopictus in the United States: rapid spread of a potential disease vector. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 4: 35-61.
Moore, C.G. and C.J. Mitchell. 1997. Aedes albopictus in the United States: ten-year presence and public health implications. Emerging Infectious Diseases 3: 329-334.
Reinert et al. 2004. Phylogeny and classification of Aedini (Diptera: Culicidae), based on morphological characters of all life stages. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 142: 289–368.
Sprenger, D. and T. Wuithiranyagool. 1986. The discovery and distribution of Aedes albopictus in Harris County, Texas. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 2: 217-219.
- G. F. O'Meara, professor emeritus, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory