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Species Cactoblastis cactorum - Tropical Cactus Borer - Hodges#19085 [5970.1]

5970.99 - Cactus Moth - Cactoblastis cactorum - female 5970.99 - Cactus Moth eggs - Cactoblastis cactorum Cactoblastis cactorum Cactoblastis cactorum Cactoblastis cactorum Tropical Cactus Borer - Cactoblastis cactorum Cactoblastis cactorum MOTH - Cactoblastis cactorum
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
No Taxon (Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea
Family Pyralidae (Pyralid Moths)
Subfamily Phycitinae
Tribe Phycitini
Genus Cactoblastis
Species cactorum (Tropical Cactus Borer - Hodges#19085 [5970.1])
Hodges Number
19085 [5970.1]
Other Common Names
Prickly pear moth
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg, 1885)
Zophodia cactorum Berg, 1885
Explanation of Names
Cactorum is Latin for "of cacti".
Range
FL, coastal se US - Map - GeoResources Institute, Mississippi State, MS.
Imported to the Caribbean to control prickly pear cacti; arrived in the U.S. naturally or in cargo imported from the Caribbean (Johnson and Stiling 1998). Widely dist. in southern FL, spreading east along the Gulf Coast to New Orleans and north along the Atlantic Coast to SC.
Food
The larvae feed internally on the pads of prickly pear cactus (Opuntia). (1)
Remarks
The moth has become a pest in se US.
This South American moth was introduced into Australia to control cacti, which are not native to that continent and which were becoming a very serious pest. It was so successful that memorials and monuments to it have been erected by grateful citizens there.
Print References
Johnson, D.M, and P.D. Stiling. 1998. Distribution and dispersal of Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), an exotic Opuntia-feeding moth, in Florida. Florida Entomologist 81(1): 12-22.
Mann, J., 1969. Cactus-feeding insects and mites. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 256: 1-158. (p. 44). (1)
Simonson, S.E., T.J. Stohlgren, L. Tyler, W.P. Gregg, R. Muir, and L.J. Garrett. 2005. Preliminary assessment of the potential impacts and risks of the invasive cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum Berg, in the U.S. and Mexico. Final Report to the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Zimmermann, H., S. Bloem, and H. Klein. 2004. Biology, history, threat, surveillance and control of the cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum. International Atomic Energy Agency: Austria.
Internet References
Featured Creatures - University of Florida
Moth Photographers Group - No images or data as of May, 2015
Works Cited
1.Cactus-feeding insects and mites
John Mann. 1969. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 256: 1-158.