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Species Neoharmonia venusta - V-marked Lady Beetle

Neoharmonia venusta venusta (Melsheimer) - Neoharmonia venusta Neoharmonia venusta venusta (Melsheimer) - Neoharmonia venusta Neoharmonia venusta ampla (Mulsant) - Neoharmonia venusta Neoharmonia venusta ampla (Mulsant) - Neoharmonia venusta V-marked Lady Beetle - Neoharmonia venusta V-marked Lady Beetle - Neoharmonia venusta Lady Beetle - Neoharmonia venusta Neoharmonia venusta venusta (Melsheimer) - Neoharmonia venusta
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Coccinelloidea
No Taxon (Coccinellid group)
Family Coccinellidae (Lady Beetles)
Subfamily Coccinellinae
Genus Neoharmonia
Species venusta (V-marked Lady Beetle)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Orig. Comb: Coccinella venusta Melsheimer, 1847
Neoharmonia venusta (Melsheimer)
Explanation of Names
venusta - Latin for 'charming' (1)
Numbers
1 sp. w/ 2 subspecies currently recognized (2)
Neoharmonia venusta ampla (Mulsant, 1850)
Neoharmonia venusta venusta (Melsheimer, 1847)
Size
Length 4.50 to 7.00 mm (3)
Range
N. v. venusta: TX-FL-ME-NE
N. v. ampla: AZ-TX
Season
mostly May-June (BG data)
Food
Psyllids, scales, insect eggs and larvae, (3) especially beetle larvae
N. v. venusta are "major predators of larvae and pupae of the [Imported] willow leaf beetle Plagiodera versicolora (Laicharteg) in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. This is the first specialized coccinellid-chrysomelid predator-prey assoc. for the New World." (Whitehead and Duffield 1982)
Remarks
Subspecies can be separated by range in most areas, but overlap in eastern Texas.
Print References
Gordon, 1985, especially pp. 834-839, figures 673, 667-668. (3)
Whitehead, D.R. and R.M. Duffield. 1982. An Unusual Specialized Predator Prey Association (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae, Chrysomelidae): Failure of a Chemical Defense and Possible Practical Application. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 36(1): 96-97.
Internet References
Invasive.org - photos of N. v. venusta feeding on pine needle scale and leaf beetle eggs.
Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, v.3, p.178 - Melsheimer's original description of the species
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
3.The Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of America North of Mexico
Robert D. Gordon. 1985. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, Vol. 93, No. 1.