Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes


Family Megachilidae - Leaf-cutter Bees, Mason Bees, and allies

Bee to check out. - Coelioxys rufitarsis Unknown Bee - Megachile perihirta - male Green Eyed Leafcutter - Megachile - female Anthidium sp. - Anthidium manicatum Orange Bee - Dianthidium floridiense Late winter bee - Osmia - male Carpenter-mimic Leaf-cutter Bee - Megachile xylocopoides - female Bee - Osmia cornifrons
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees)
Family Megachilidae (Leaf-cutter Bees, Mason Bees, and allies)
Explanation of Names
From genus Megachile Latreille
>630 spp. in 18 genera of 4 tribes and 2 subfamilies in our area, ~4,100 spp. in ~80 genera of 11 tribes and 4 subfamilies worldwide(1)
Overview of our fauna (* –taxa not yet in the guide)
Family Megachilidae
Subfamily Megachilinae
6-18 mm
Most are of moderate size and stout bodies. Front wings with two submarginal cells, abdomen with pollen-collecting basket ventrally, absent in parasitic species.(2)
Guide to eastern genera in

Genus Lithurgus- Lithurge




worldwide and throughout NA(1)
Life Cycle
Some are leaf-cutters, nesting in ground, in cavities, wood. Tunnels are bored in wood or in the ground. Cell is provisioned with pollen (and nectar?), an egg laid, and cell is sealed over with circular pieces of leaves, clay or other materials that fit tightly into cavity. A few (Stelis, Coelioxys) are (clepto)parasitic, laying their eggs in the nests of other members of this family.
Internet References
Fact sheet (Serrano 2005-2014)[Cite:185010]
Mites that parasitize Megachilidae (Chaetodactylus spp.) (O'Connor & Klimov 2009-2012)
Systematic Entomology. Phylogeny of the bee family Megachilidae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) based on adult morphology