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Species Megaphasma denticrus - Giant Walkingstick

Walking Stick - Megaphasma denticrus Giant Walkingstick - Megaphasma denticrus - male Megaphasma denticrus - Giant Walking Stick - Megaphasma denticrus - male stick insect - Megaphasma denticrus Giant Walkingstick  - Megaphasma denticrus - male - female Male Giant Walking Stick - Megaphasma denticrus - male - female Giant Walkingstick - Megaphasma denticrus - male Giant walkingstick - Megaphasma denticrus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Phasmida (Walkingsticks)
Family Diapheromeridae
Genus Megaphasma
Species denticrus (Giant Walkingstick)
Other Common Names
GWS
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Megaphasma denticrus (Stål)
Orig. Comb: Diapheromera denticrus Stål 1875
Syn: Megaphasma dentricus (spelling)
Numbers
1 sp. n. of Mex.
Size
Longest North American insect, females to 180 mm (7 inches). Helfer (1962)(1) gives range of 76-150 mm.
Per study conducted by Maginnis et al. (2008), females ranged from 105-135 mm and males ranged from 90-125 mm.
Identification
In addition to its great size, both sexes of this species can be distinguished from other walkingsticks by the rows of numerous teeth on the underside of the middle (meso-) femur and by the very long antennae (longer than the front femur). (MacRae 2009)
Both sexes have femoral spines on their mid and hind legs: , but males have a large, single spine on each leg: and females a row of small spines. (Maginnis et al. 2008)
Female Male
Color is variable, greenish to reddish-brown, sometimes with white on legs.
Range
NM-LA-IN-WI (1),(2),(3).
Life Cycle
Females drop their eggs to the ground, and can lay up to three eggs per hour and thirteen per day for several months. (Maginnis et al. 2008)
Remarks
Longest insect in North America (4)
Print References
Helfer (1962), p. 22, fig. 30 (1)
Maginnis, T.L., C.L. Cool and J.L. Muniz. 2008. Some observations on the mating behavior of the giant walkingstick, Megaphasma dentricus [sic] (Orthoptera: Phasmidae). Texas Journal of Science 60(1): 57-62. Full Text
Taber and Fleenor (2003), pp. 214-215, fig. 177 (3)
Wilkins, O.P. & O.P. Breland. 1951. Notes on the giant walking stick, Megaphasma deticrus [sic] (Stål) (Orthoptera: Phasmatidae). Texas Journal of Science 3: 305-310.
Internet References
North America’s longest insect - Beetles in the Bush, Ted C. MacRae, 2009
Texas Walkingstick Info - Mike Quinn, 2012
Walkingsticks - AgriLife, TAMU
Works Cited
1.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.
2.Stick Insects of the Continental United States and Canada
Chad Arment. 2006. Coachwhip Publications.
3.Insects of the Texas Lost Pines (W.L. Moody, Jr., Natural History Series, No. 33)
Stephen W. Taber, Scott B. Fleenor. 2003. M University Press.
4.A Field Guide to Common Texas Insects
Bastiaan M. Drees, John A. Jackman. 1998. Gulf Publishing.