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Species Neocurtilla hexadactyla - Northern Mole Cricket

strange looking bug (looks like a cross between a gopher and a craw dead but it has wings also and claws) - Neocurtilla hexadactyla - female Northern Mole Cricket? (top view) - Neocurtilla hexadactyla - female Unknown bug possibly in Nymph stage?? - Neocurtilla hexadactyla - female Northern Mole Cricket - Neocurtilla hexadactyla - female unknown bug two - Neocurtilla hexadactyla - female What is this thing!!!! - Neocurtilla hexadactyla - female Weird bug in Michigan  - Neocurtilla hexadactyla Northern Mole Cricket - Neocurtilla hexadactyla
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Ensifera (Long-horned Orthoptera)
Infraorder Gryllidea (Crickets)
Family Gryllotalpidae (Mole Crickets)
Genus Neocurtilla (Northern Mole Crickets)
Species hexadactyla (Northern Mole Cricket)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Formerly placed in genus Gryllotalpa.

Neocurtilla hexadactyla (Perty 1832)
19-33 mm
Compare Scapteriscus--Two-clawed Mole Crickets, e.g. S. borellii), Gryllotalpa (European Mole Cricket, local). Scapteriscus has two large claws on fore-tarsi, while Neocurtilla has four, with two more on the rest of the leg, giving six:

See SINA key. Also note brown pronotum of Neocurtilla. Scapteriscus seems to (usually?) show a dark gray pronotum with four light spots. Neocurtilla has short wings, Scapteriscus longer, covering much of abdomen. Prothorax of Neocurtilla forms short hood over head:

Prothorax of Scapteriscus forms a more smooth transition to head.
Call of Neocurtilla is a slow chirp, 2-3 per second (at 77 °F). Scapteriscus has a trilled call.
Eastern Canada south through eastern and central United States, south to South America.
Usually wet, sandy or muddy soil near streams, ponds. Also agricultural fields.
Typically mid-summer to fall (July-November) in much of range. March-November (North Carolina). June-October (Michigan).
Herbivore. Nymphs feed on plant roots.
Life Cycle
Two year life cycle in most of range, e.g., Carolinas and farther north. (In central Florida, overwinter as adults, have one-year life cycle.) Males call from burrows. Females lay eggs in chamber at the end of her burrow--guards nymphs through the second or third instars. Comes to lights.
See Also
Two-clawed Mole Crickets, Scapteriscus
Prairie Mole Cricket, Gryllotalpa major
Print References
Capinera, pp. 212-213, plate 47 (1)
Arnett,p. 168, fig. 11.28 (2)
Swan and papp, p. 78, fig. 41 (3)
Helfer, p. 323, fig. 515 (4)
Bland, p. 193 (5)
Brimley, p. 21 (6)
Salsbury, p. 77 (7)
Cranshaw, pp. 512-513 (8)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.The Common Insects of North America
Lester A. Swan, Charles S. Papp. 1972. Harper & Row.
4.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.
5.Orthoptera of Michigan
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Exttension.
6.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
7.Insects in Kansas
Glenn A. Salsbury and Stephan C. White. 2000. Kansas Dept. of Agriculture.
8.Garden Insects of North America : The Ultimate Guide to Backyard Bugs (Princeton Field Guides)
Whitney Cranshaw. 2004. Princeton University Press.