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Species Euophryum confine - New Zealand Wood Weevil

Euophryum confine Euophryum confine
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Family Curculionidae (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Subfamily Cossoninae
Tribe Pentarthrini
Genus Euophryum
Species confine (New Zealand Wood Weevil)
Explanation of Names
Euophryum confine (Broun 1880)
Size
2.5-3.6 mm(1)
Range
native to New Zealand(2), adventive in NA (NF) and w. Europe (widespread)(3)(4)
Habitat
decaying wood(3); in NZ, common in woodlands, both in standing and fallen trees(2)
Food
attacks both softwood and hardwood but most commonly the Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris); association with Coniophora puteana (cellar rot), Serpula lacrymans (dry rot), and Antrodia (Fibroporia) vaillantii (white rot)(2)
Remarks
secondary pest of building timbers since it is found exclusively in timbers undergoing fungal decay; population declines fast as the wood dries up(2)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.WCG – Website of the Watford Coleoptera Group
2.Handbook of urban insects and arachnids: A handbook of urban entomology
Robinson W.H. 2005. Cambridge University Press.
3.Alien terrestrial arthropods of Europe
Roques A., Kenis M., Lees D., Lopez-Vaamonde C., Rabitsch W., Rasplus J.-Y., Roy D., eds. 2010. BioRisk 4 Special Issue; 2 vols., 1028 pp.
4.Checklist of beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second edition
Bousquet Y., Bouchard P., Davies A.E., Sikes D.S. 2013. ZooKeys 360: 1–402.