Two species native to North America: Bezzimyia americana and B. busckii
Three species introduced from Europe: Melanophora roralis, Phyto discrepans, and Stevenia deceptoria
Rhinophorids have a weakly developed subscutellum, narrow calypters, and a closed r5 cell. Melanophora have dark wings, M meeting R4+5 perpendicularly far from wing margin, Phyto have clear wings, M meeting R4+5 obtusely near wing margin.
Found in all zoogeographic regions except Australasia and Oceania. Mainly Palaearctic and Afrotropical.
hosts: where known, woodlice(2), also beetles, spiders, and other arthropods, and occasionally snails. The only entirely parasitic calyptrate family besides Tachinidae(4)
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