Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Other Common Names
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eupithecia Curtis, 1825
Explanation of Names
Generic epithet Eupithecia is Greek meaning "beautiful ape." (1)
Commonly referred to as pugs because of the short underwings. (1)
By far the largest moth genus with over 1400 species worldwide. About 160 Eupithecia species are found in America north of Mexico. (2) 62 species in Canada (CBIF). Several species are Holarctic.
Many Eupithecia species require dissection for identification and there are many undescribed species. (2) Adults at rest often hold their long forewings (with hindwings hidden beneath) at right-angles to the body, giving a distinctive "soaring hawk" appearance.
Larvae feed mostly on Asteraceae and also other plant families.
1. Caterpillar. 2 and 3. Pupa. 4. Adult
McDunnough, J.H. 1949. Revision of the North American species of the genus Eupithecia (Lepidoptera, Geometridae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 93(8): 537-728. (3)
Pearsall, R.F. 1908. The Genus Eupithecia and its Allies. The Canadian Entomologist. 40: 344-45.
Rindge, F.H. 1985. The Eupithecia (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) of Mississippi and Louisiana. American Museum Novitates. 2809: 1-18 (4).
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