Furniss, R.L. and Carolin, V.M. 1977. Western forest insects. U.S.D.A. Forest Service Misc. Publ. 1339, 654 pp.
Authors: Robert Livingston Furniss, Valentine M. Carolin, Frederick Paul Keen
This manual concerns itself with insects and related organisms in forests and woodlands of North America, west of the 100th Meridian and north of Mexico. ("Eastern Forest Insects," by Whiteford L. Baker (1972) covers the area east of the 100th Meridian.) The intended primary users are practicing foresters and others responsible for preventing or minimizing insect-caused damage to forests and wood products. Thus, major purposes of the manual are to facilitate recognition of insects and their damage and to provide needed information for determining a course of action. The manual should also be useful to students of forestry and entomology, professional entomologists, extension specialists, forestry technicians, forest owners, forest recreationists, teachers, and others.