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Subfamily Nematinae

Willow Sawfly with yellow abdomen - Euura Sawfly larvae skeletonizing the underside of a willow leaf Procreating European Apple Sawflies - Hoplocampa testudinea - male - female Sawfly ? - Nematus cf-erythrogaster Pseudodineura parva - male sawfly - Pristiphora mollis - male Is this a dipteron? - Cladius pectinicornis - female Hoplocampa
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Symphyta" - Sawflies, Horntails, and Wood Wasps)
Family Tenthredinidae (Common Sawflies)
Subfamily Nematinae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Susaninae
the recent revision(1) led to numerous names put in synonymy and the bulk of the subfamily (~80%) consolidated in just two speciose genera, Euura and Pristiphora, with no further subdivision offered.
Explanation of Names
Nematinae Thomson 1871
Numbers
our largest subfamily, with >430 spp. in 30 genera in our area (incl. undescribed spp.)(2)(3), and world's second largest subfamily, with >1250 spp. in ~50 genera(4)
Range
almost entirely restricted to Eurasia and North America(5)
Food
Most spp. are external leaf feeders; some form galls, mine leaves/petioles, or feed in developing fruit(3)
Works Cited
1.The genera of Nematinae (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae)
Prous M, Blank SM, Goulet H, Heibo E, Liston A, Malm T, Nyman T, Schmidt S, Smith DR, Vårdal, H, Viitasaari M, Vikberg V, Taege. 2014. J. Hymenopt. Res. 40: 1–69.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.List of the Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of Virginia
Smith D.R. 2006. Banisteria 28: 3‒23.
4.Blank et al. (2012) ECatSym: Electronic World Catalog of Symphyta (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Program version 4.0 beta
5.The genera and subgenera of the sawflies of Canada and Alaska (Hymenoptera: Symphyta)
Goulet H. 1992. The insects and arachnids of Canada, Pt. 20. Ottawa: Agriculture Canada. 235 pp.