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Subfamily Nematinae

Caterpilar3952 - Priophorus brullei larva - Pontania Bristly Rose Slug? - Cladius difformis European Apple Sawfly - Hoplocampa testudinea Bell bottom sawfly - Craesus latitarsus Pontania californica? larva - Pontania californica Caterpillar eating Currant  - Nematus ribesii Tenthredinidae, leaf mine on Hepatica - Pseudodineura parva
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Symphyta" - Sawflies, Horntails, and Wood Wasps)
Family Tenthredinidae (Common Sawflies)
Subfamily Nematinae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
the recent revision(1) led to numerous names put in synonymy and the bulk of the subfamily (~80%) consolidated in just two speciose genera, Euura and Pristiphora, with no further subdivision offered; this makes it unpractical to implement in the Guide at this point, pending further study
Explanation of Names
Nematinae Thomson 1871
our largest subfamily, with >430 spp. in 30 genera in our area (incl. undescribed spp.)(2)(3), and world's second largest subfamily, with >1250 spp. in ~50 genera(4)
almost entirely restricted to Eurasia and North America(5)
Most spp. are external leaf feeders; some form galls, mine leaves/petioles, or feed in developing fruit(3)
Works Cited
1.The genera of Nematinae (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae)
Prous M, Blank SM, Goulet H, Heibo E, Liston A, Malm T, Nyman T, Schmidt S, Smith DR, Vårdal, H, Viitasaari M, Vikberg V, Taege. 2014. J. Hymenopt. Res. 40: 1–69.
2.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
3.List of the Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of Virginia
Smith D.R. 2006. Banisteria 28: 3-23.
4.Blank et al. (2012) ECatSym: Electronic World Catalog of Symphyta (Insecta, Hymenoptera). Program version 4.0 beta
5.The genera and subgenera of the sawflies of Canada and Alaska (Hymenoptera: Symphyta)
Goulet H. 1992. The insects and arachnids of Canada, Pt. 20. Ottawa: Agriculture Canada. 235 pp.