Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phycis zinckenella Treitschke, 1832
* phylogenetic sequence #169975
Explanation of Names
Named in honor of German entomologist Johann Zincken
: Forewing length 8-12.5 mm (Powell and Opler, 2009).(1)
Larvae: 12-17 mm.
Adult: FW variably colored, red-brown to black-brown. White costal streak usually present. AM fascia orange brown to orange-red, fascia edged with black on AM side, frequently gold iridescence on fascia. Specimens of zinckenella vary considerably in size and, to a lesser extent, in color, although the pattern is fairly constant. There is a tendency for specimens from North America to be grayer than those from the rest of the world, but this is by no means constant. (Whalley, 1973)
Larva: body pink or tan; head yellow and black.
Occurs on all continents (Powell & Opler, 2009).(1)
Larval hosts include crops and plants in Leguminosae (Whalley, 1973).
Eggs laid on seed pods. Newly hatched larva immediately bore into seed pod. Mature larva eats through the wall of the pod, drops to the soil and burrows, and pupates in a cocoon (Whalley, 1973).
Worldwide pest of crops. Considered invasive in North America. (Capinera, John L. North American Vegetable Pests. The Pattern of Invasion. American Entomologist. Spring 2002)
Powell, J. A. & P. A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. pl.25.27f, p.190
Whalley, P. E. S. 1973. The genus Etiella
Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): a zoogeographic and taxonomic study. Bull. British Museum, Entomology 28(1): 15