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Species Marpesia zerynthia - Waiter Daggerwing - Hodges#4548

Marpesia zerynthia Marpesia zerynthia
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Cyrestinae (Daggerwings, Map Butterflies)
Genus Marpesia (Daggerwings)
Species zerynthia (Waiter Daggerwing - Hodges#4548)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
The Waiter (1)(2)(3)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Marpesia zerynthia Hübner, [1823]
Syn: Nymphalis coresia Godart, [1824]
rare stray to s. & w. TX / Mex. to S. Amer. - (1)(2)(3)(4)(5)(6)(BOA); plus 1x stray to se AZ (BG data), BAMONA includes record from Houston.
Re: Mexico: William H. Howe and James Jacques spent 5 months around Tamazunchale, in southern San Luis Potosi, Mexico from January to June. By June, Marpesia coresia assembled along the mudflats along the Rio Axtla. (Welling M., 1978). Southern SLP seems to be the northernmost locality where this sp. occurs annually. (7)
Durden reports, "I never encountered this species in Tamaulipas or states east of the Chihuahuan Desert." (C.J. Durden, pers. comm. to MAQ, 2015)
unknown (5)(6)(8)(BOA)
Life Cycle
see discussion in DeVries (1987) (8)
Brock & Kaufman (2003), "rare stray to south Texas" (6)
Bordelon & Knudson (2002), "very rare stray to TX, not reported from the valley, so far." (9)
Neck (1996), "rare stray to Rio Grande Valley, Far West [Texas]" (5)
Scott (1986), "rare stray to w and s Tex. (July, Oct.) (4)
Howe (1975), "El Paso, Tex., Oct. 2, 1910. LACM." (3) (see Plate 15. LACM = Los Angeles County Museum)
Klots (1951), "occasional in southern Texas (Pharr, October)" (2)
Holland (1898), "sometimes found in Texas" (1)
Edwards (1872), "Hab.-Texas; New Mexico." (10)
See Also
- stray to s. TX
Marpesia chiron (Fabricius)
Print References
Welling M., E.C. 1978. ZONE 9: THE NORTHERN NEOTROPICS. Pg. 6. In: J. Brewer. (editor). News of the Lepidopterists Society, May/Jun (3): 1-12. (Full PDF)
Internet References
Butterflies of America - BOA ("one-time stray to S TX")
Butterflies and Moths of North America - BAMONA (4 TX county records, including Houston)
Davidson Insect Digitization Project - databased AZ spmn at Davidson College, N.C. (Sep-86, East of Tucson, AZ)
Moth Photographers Group - MPG (no records shown)
Works Cited
1.The Butterfly Book: A Popular Guide to a Knowledge of the Butterflies of North America.
Holland, W.J. 1899. 1899. Doubleday & McClure Co., N.Y.
2.A Field Guide to the Butterflies of North America, East of the Great Plains
Alexander B. Klots. 1951. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. xvi + 349 pp.
3.Butterflies of North America
Howe, W. H. (editor). 1975. Doubleday and Co., Garden City, NY. xiii + 633.
4.The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide
James A. Scott. 1992. Stanford University Press.
5.A field guide to butterflies of Texas
Neck, R.W. 1996. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston. xvii + 323 pp.
6.Butterflies of North America (Kaufman Focus Guides)
Jim P. Brock, Kenn Kaufman. 2003. Houghton Mifflin Co.
7.A Swift Guide to the Butterflies of Mexico and Central America
Glassberg, J. 2007. Sunstreak Books, Morristown, NJ. 266 pp.
8.The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Vol. I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae
Philip J. Devries. 1987. Princeton Univ Press.
9.Illustrated Checklist of the Lepidoptera of the Lower Rio Grande Valley, Part 1 : Butterflies.
Bordelon, C. and E. Knudson. 2002. Texas Lepidoptera Survey, Houston. viii + 84 pp., 20 plates.
10.Synopsis of North American Butterflies. Volume I.
Edwards, W.H. 1872. American Entomological Society, Philadelphia. vi + 52 pp.