Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Melanostoma

The evolution of imperfect mimicry in hoverflies
By Gilbert F.
Insect Evolutionary Ecology: Proc. Royal Ent. Society's 22nd Symposium: 231–288, 2005

Phylogeny of Palaearctic Syrphidae (Diptera): evidence from larval stages
By Rotheray G., Gilbert F.
Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 127: 1-112, 1999

Notes on collecting syrphid flies (Diptera: Syrphidae)
By Weems H.V., Jr.
The Florida Entomologist 36: 91-98, 1953

Key to the genera of nearctic Syrphidae
By Miranda G.F.G, Young A.D., Locke M.M., Marshall S.A., Skevington J.H., Thompson F.C.
Can. J. Arthropod Identification 23: 1-351, 2013

Syrphidae of Oklahoma (Diptera)
By Shorter D.A., Drew W.A.
Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci. 56: 75-94, 1976

Phylogeny of Syrphidae (Diptera) inferred from combined analysis of molecular and morphological characters
By Ståhls G., Hippa H., Rotheray G., Muona J., Gilbert F.
Systematic Entomology 28: 433–450, 2003

Flower Flies (Syrphidae) and other biological control agents for aphids in vegetable crops
By R. Bugg et al.
UC ANR Publication 8285, 2008

Phylogeny of the Syrphoidea (Diptera) inferred from mtDNA sequences and morphology...
By Skevington J.H., Yeates D.K.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 16: 212–224, 2000
Full title: Phylogeny of the Syrphoidea (Diptera) inferred from mtDNA sequences and morphology with particular reference to classification of the Pipunculidae (Diptera)
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