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Species Apantesis vittata - Banded Tiger Moth - Hodges#8170

 Are these both Apantesis nais? - Apantesis vittata Banded or Harnessed Tiger Moth? - Apantesis vittata Tiger Moth - Apantesis vittata BioBlitz Bug 38 - Apantesis vittata Hodges #8170 - Banded Tiger Moth - Apantesis vittata Hodges #8170 - Banded Tiger Moth - Apantesis vittata Apantesis vittata - male Banded Tiger Moth - Apantesis vittata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Arctiinae (Tiger and Lichen Moths)
Tribe Arctiini (Tiger Moths)
Subtribe Arctiina
Genus Apantesis
Species vittata (Banded Tiger Moth - Hodges#8170)
Hodges Number
8170
Size
Wingspan 32-42 mm (1)
Identification
Adult: forewing similar to A. phalerata; hindwing usually has more reddish shading and broader, more solid black border; no form has entirely yellow hindwing
Also extremely similar to the Nais Tiger Moth, which replaces this species to the North and west of the Appalachian Mountains. In areas where both species could occur, dissection is recommended to distinguish between them.
Range
Texas to Florida, north along the Atlantic Coastal Plain to at least North Carolina; has not been recorded in Canada
Habitat
Near fields, lawns.
Season
Adults fly from March to October.
Food
Larvae feed on dandelions and other herbs.
See Also
Harnessed Tiger Moth (A. phalerata) forewing is virtually identical to A. vittata but hindwing is usually more yellowish than reddish, with little or no black edging.
Nais Tiger Moth cannot be reliably separated from this species without dissection, but their ranges have minimal overlap; nais is virtually absent from the Gulf Coast and Florida, and vittata does not occur in the Appalachians, or to the north and west of them.
Print References
Covell, p. 69, plate 15 #5, 7 (1)
Internet References
26 pinned adult images and collection site map (All-Leps)
adult images plus flight season and foodplants (Larry Line, Maryland) As per Chris Schmidt, the moth pictured on this Maryland site is in fact Apantesis phalerata, not A. vittata. A. vittata does not occur as far north as Maryland, and the records referenced on that site are almost certainly misidentified.
pinned adult image (U. of Nebraska at Lincoln)
US distribution map (butterfliesandmoths.org) There are many misidentified nais and phalerata on this page, and the range shown is much too expansive.
Works Cited
1.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.