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Family Tiphiidae - Tiphiid Wasps

Beetle? mason wasp? - Epomidiopteron julii wasp - Tiphia wasp on goldenrod Tiphiid Wasp with Primary Submarginal Isolation (thorax) - Colocistis crassa - male Hymenoptera on goldenbush Tiphiinae? Brachycistis - female
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Tiphioidea
Family Tiphiidae (Tiphiid Wasps)
Other Common Names
Flower Wasps
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
treated here according to(1)(2) to include Brachycistidinae and Tiphiinae only; other five subfamilies had to be moved to Thynnidae, a family that was resurrected from synonymy and is in a different superfamily than Tiphiidae
2 subfamilies, with 200 spp. in 17 genera of in our area(3)
our spp. 6-26 mm(3), worldwide 3-35 mm or more
males (always winged) have an upcurved hook at the tip of the abdomen; female wings non-striate distally (unlike in the Scoliidae)
parasitoids of subterranean beetle larvae (especially of Scarabaeoidea, Tenebrionidae, and Cicindelinae) and various bees/wasps occurring in soil or rotten wood(3) (one Australian sp. parasitise mole crickets); adults feed on nectar
Print References
Pate, V. (1947). A Conspectus of the Tiphiidæ, with Particular Reference to the Nearctic Forms (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 55(2), 115-145. (Full Text)
Works Cited
1.Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily...
Pilgrim E.M., von Dohlen C.D., Pitts J.P. 2008. Zoologica Scripta 37: 539–560.
2.Identifying the sister group to the bees: a molecular phylogeny of Aculeata with an emphasis on the superfamily Apoidea
Debevec A.H., Cardinal S., Danforth B.N. 2012. Zoologica Scripta 41: 527-535.
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.