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Species Rhyacionia frustrana - Nantucket Pine Tip Moth - Hodges#2882

2882  - Rhyacionia frustrana Nantucket Pine Tip Moth - Rhyacionia frustrana Multi-Coloured Moth - Rhyacionia frustrana Rhyacionia frustrana ID help, please .. Rhyacionia bushnelli ? - Rhyacionia frustrana Nantucket Pine Tip Moth, 2882 - Rhyacionia frustrana Rhyacionia frustrana Rhyacionia frustrana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Rhyacionia (Pine Tip Moths)
Species frustrana (Nantucket Pine Tip Moth - Hodges#2882)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Frustrating Retinia
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock, 1880)
Retinia frustrana Comstock, 1880
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet meaning "frustrating" for the considerable damage the larvae had done to pines planted on Nantucket after fire damage during the War of 1812.
Forewing 4-7.5 mm. (1)
Massachusetts south to Florida, west to Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas. Discovered in San Diego and Kern County where it may have been introduced from the east. Also in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Cuba and Nicaragua. (1)
Two to six generations a year. (1)
Larvae mine in the terminal shoots of at least 15 species of pine. (2)
Life Cycle
See Scudder (1883) in Print References.
Print References
Comstock, J.H., 1880. The frustrating Retinia. Report of the commissioner of agriculture, 1880: 236.
Gilligan, Wright & Gibson, 2008. Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States. p. 86.96. (3)
Scudder, S.H., 1883. The pine moth of Nantucket - Retinia frustrana. Massachusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture, pp.1-20; Plate.
Works Cited
1.Nearctic pine tip moths of the genus Rhyacionia: Biosystematic review (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae, Olethreutinae)
Powell, Jerry A. 1978. United States Department of Agriculture.
2.HOSTS - The Hostplants and Caterpillars Database
3.Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States, An Identification Guide
Gilligan, Todd M., Donald J. Wright, and Loran D. Gibson. 2008. Ohio Biological Survey, P.O. Box 21370, Columbus, Ohio 43221-0370.
4.North American Moth Photographers Group
5.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems