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Species Caradrina meralis - Rare Sand Quaker - Hodges#9654

Caradrina meralis Caradrina meralis Rare Sand Quaker - Caradrina meralis Arizona Moth - Caradrina meralis Noctuidae: Caradrina meralis - Caradrina meralis Caradrina (meralis?) - Caradrina meralis Arizona Moth - Caradrina meralis 932257	Caradrina meralis - Caradrina meralis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Caradrinini
Subtribe Caradrinina
Genus Caradrina
Species meralis (Rare Sand Quaker - Hodges#9654)
Hodges Number
9654
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Platyperigea meralis
Jan Metlevski notes here that the former genus Platyperigea was demoted to a subgenus of Caradrina by Hermann Hacker in 2004 (see Print References below)
Size
wingspan 26-30 mm
Identification
Adult: forewing medium gray with darker gray reniform and orbicular spots; lines either very faint or not visible; may have darker shading in subterminal area, with pale ST line running through it.
A distinctive element in most individuals of four species in the genus Caradrina is the subterminal buff line (or row of spots) shaded with rich brown on the basal side contrasting with dusky gray on the distal side. A characteristic example is shown here:

This includes C. meralis and C. montana primarily in the w. U.S. Also sharing the subterminal color pattern are C. multifera and C. clavipalpis of the n.e. U.S.
Range
British Columbia to Ontario plus northeastern United States, south in the west to Arizona and California
Habitat
sandy grassland areas
Season
adults fly in late summer and fall
Remarks
Rare or threatened in several eastern parts of its range: a species "In Greatest Need of Conservation" in Illinois; threatened in Indiana; S1 in Pennsylvania and New Hampshire; special interest in rare in Ontario. [11/16/18: All of the previous document links were non-functional and have been removed; citations need updating.]
See Also
Civil Rustic (Caradrina montana) (1, 2) typically has paler reniform and orbicular spots than on meralis; usually has white dots around the reniform spot, and occurs north to Northwest Territories, Yukon, and probably Alaska.
Print References
Hacker, Hermann. 2004. Revision of the genus Caradrina Ochsenheimer, 1816, with notes on other genera of the tribus Caradrini (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Esperiana. Vol. 10.